Dog Health

Dog Health

Canine Neuter FAQ

Neutering provides several health benefits for dogs. One of the major worries is about the prostate gland. Testosterone can gradually cause the gland to grow bigger during the dog’s lifetime.

As the dog ages, it often becomes uncomfortable and if it grows so big, it may affect your pet’s ability to defecate. Infections can be caused when the prostate’s affected and neutering is the only way to solve this problem.

If your dog is neutered, his prostate may shrink a lot. It also prevents prostatitis and benign hyperplasia (an enlargement), both issues that occur as a dog gets older. There’s also a widely-held belief that if you neuter your dog, it will prevent the onset of prostate cancer. However, this is just a myth.

There are other benefits of having your dog neutered and they include: tumours in the anus and testicles, prevention of some forms of hernias and excessive preputial discharge.

Does neutering change behaviour ?

The only behavioural changes that may happen are those that are affected by changes in hormones. Your dog’s friendliness, playful nature and his social interactions with other people won’t be affected. The behaviours that generally change are the negative ones.

90% of neutered dogs lose their interest in roaming. 70% of neutered dogs will lose their desire to mount other dogs. 60% of dogs who are neutered lose their aggressive behaviour towards other male dogs. 50% of those dogs who are neutered stop urine marking.

How exactly is the dog neutering procedure carried out?

The vet cuts an incision a little forward of the scrotum. This incision is where the vet pulls the testicles through. Stalks are cut and tied and so castration is now done. If his testicles aren’t removed, the above-mentioned benefits won’t be realised. The vet may or may not use stitches for the incision.

What to expect after the dog is brought home from the hospital?

Your dog’s scrotum are generally swollen for the initial few days. Some owners may think the procedure wasn’t done at all. If it’s an immature dog, his empty scrotum will flatten as he ages. If he’s mature, it will stay as a skin flap. Occasionally the incision is slightly bruised. Most dogs want to play as soon as they get home but, to ensure the incision stays intact, you need to stop him from playing boisterously.

Best age to neuter a dog?

Provided that both testicles have dropped, age for dog neutering is after the age of eight weeks. If a dog is neutered before he hits puberty (around the six month mark) often grow larger than dogs who have it done after puberty.

Testosterone causes bones to stop growing so if the dog doesn’t have testosterone, the point at which the growth is stopped occurs later in his life.

The same health benefits and behaviour of the prostate can happen regardless of your dog’s age. This means no dog is “too old” to gain the benefits. Most vets say the ideal age for dog neutering is six months old.

Neuter Dog Behavior Explained

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Can male dogs still mate after being neutered?

Male dogs who are neutered as adults may retain the ability to mate with a bitch in season. There is no chance of puppies resulting from such a mating.

What if his testicles haven’t dropped?

Tumours are more common in dogs with undescended testicles. They might get twisted on the stalks and cause potentially life-threatening inflammation. Neutering is strongly recommended for dogs if their testicles haven’t dropped.

However, the procedure is more complicated. The testicle might be under the skin along the path it would have taken to descend to his scrotum or it might be in his abdomen. The vet may need to do some exploring to locate it, so he may have two incisions. The other testicle will be under-developed and sterile. If one has descended, it will be fertile. However, because retaining a testicle is genetic, it’s usually fertile and the dog shouldn’t be bred until after he has been neutered.

Are you legally required to neuter your dog?

Check with your local government office or council as some places do make it illegal not to neuter a dog because they’re trying to control the population of the pets.

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What You Can Expect If Your Dog Needs Anaesthesia

What You Can Expect If Your Dog Needs Anaesthesia
There are some veterinary medical procedures where anaesthesia must be used such as when your dog needs dental work or a surgical procedure.

The majority of dogs don’t have problems if an anaesthetic is used. However, like all medical procedures in people and dogs, there are always risks.

The issues can be minor: mild vomiting, feeling a little dazed, and perhaps a bit sore, depending on what was done. The more serious (and potentially life-threatening) problems can include: strokes and cardiac arrest.

Fatalities caused by anaesthetic are rare. However, the veterinary team will take all proper precautions to keep your beloved pet safe and make sure that he can cope with being anaesthetised. In an emergency situation where your dog’s life is at risk, the vet will quickly decide that the possible risks of using an anaesthetic are minimal when compared to not operating.

Before having an anaesthetic.

Your vet will discuss all the possible ramifications that the use of anaesthetic may cause. He’ll conduct a thorough physical and review your pet’s medical history before talking to you about any risk factors regarding the anaesthetic and the surgical procedure itself.

Your vet may conduct blood tests to determine if there are any unforeseen risks or developing medical problems as a result of putting your beloved pet to sleep. If you have questions about any aspect of the process, ask the vet beforehand.

Prior to the vet applying the anaesthesia, he’ll usually calm your dog and make the process run more smoothly by giving the dog a pre- anaesthetic sedative. He’ll also apply an intravenous catheter so he can give his patient medication and fluids. Anaesthetic can be delivered intravenously, through the inhalation of gas, or a combination of both.

During anaesthesia.

While your dog is in the hands of the veterinary expert, he’ll receive the care and close monitoring of vital signs, in much the same way as people when they’re under an anaesthetic.

The care and monitoring processes may include:

• Intravenous fluids and/or medications to ensure blood pressure and circulation remain stable.
• Monitoring blood pressure to keep it within a safe range.
• The insertion of a tube down your pet’s trachea (windpipe) so oxygen and anaesthetic gas can be delivered.
• Measuring your pet’s oxygen levels in his blood through the use of a pulse oximetry.
• Monitoring temperature and using warming blankets so your pet’s body temperature doesn’t drop too low (leading to possible hypothermia).
• Monitoring his heart by using EKG and ECG machines.

After anaesthesia.

After your vet has finished, your pet will be placed in a semi-dark, quite kennel or cage until he recovers. During this period, pets are closely monitored to ensure their recovery happens without any problems. They’re also on hand if a problem occurs. They use blankets and pads to keep him warm while he’s recovering because it’s common for a dog to start shivering as they recover.

However, the shivering won’t always be due to your pet being cold. It’s merely one temporary side effect, as is barking or whining. Once your pet is awake and can swallow normally, the throat tube is taken out. Depending on how well he handles the anaesthetic and/or the procedure itself, medications and fluids may also be needed.

Your pet may be brought home later the same day or perhaps the next day, depending on how well the procedure went and his recovery process.

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Choosing Pet Insurance for Your Dog

Choosing Pet Insurance for Your Dog
The Cost of Pet Care is Escalating.

Veterinary science slowly becomes more advanced but that means vet bills also increase. Some owners find the cost of owning a pet is financially stressful. Insuring your pet can help to offset some, or all, of the expenses of diagnosing, managing and treating your dog whenever he has an illness or injury.

Pet insurance isn’t for all pet owners. If you’re thinking about it for your pet, you should talk to your vet and do your own research to work out the various options available to you. Here are a few basics to consider:

An insurance provider must fully and clearly explain all details (including exclusions and limitations) of coverage options for general care, emergency treatment and any conditions that may require long term extensive care.

Ask if premiums will increase if you make a claim or as your pet ages.

Is there a discount if you own more than one pet?

All fees, including deductibles, co-pays, add-ons and other expenses, must be explained fully and clearly to you so you know what you’re up for to begin with.

Ask the insurer how they handle pre-existing conditions and what their definition of such conditions are (i.e. conditions or illnesses your pet has had in the past or currently has).

Does the provider offer add-on options for particular types of coverage? This may include your pet’s dental care or travel insurance, etc.

Are there specific breeds or types of pets they don’t insure? Is there a maximum number of pets in their “high risk” category that you’re able to insure?

You should be permitted to select your own vet to care for your pet.

Generally speaking, pet insurance plans work by you paying all costs up front and then receiving all applicable reimbursements from the provider. If this will be a problem for you financially, ask your vet whether he has any flexibility in payment options if you face that situation.

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