Dog Training Tips

Dog Training Tips

How To Crate Train An Older Dog

older pomeranian puppyCrate training is a very effective method for training a dog not to make messes in the house. It works because dogs hate soiling themselves in the same place where they sleep. A crate provides your dog with a place where he won’t want to make a mess. Once you have shown him where NOT to go, it becomes easier to show him where he’s allowed to do potty. This applies equally well to puppies and older dogs. It’s actually a good method for crate training an older dog.

7 simple tips for crate training your older dog.

1. Choose the right crate.

His crate must be big enough for him to stand up, lay down and move around in. However, it shouldn’t be too big or he’ll sleep in one section and mess the other. This prevents him from learning where not to make a mess.

If possible, select a crate with a divider because you can then customise it to meet your dog’s size, have a door that doesn’t take up as much space and it’s very portable.

  1. Make sure the crate is a safe place.

This is simple because dogs feel secure in small places. For example, he may hide under a bed or behind a couch if he’s scared. Put a soft bed inside and also one of your old shirts that hasn’t been washed. This gives him your smell so he gets used to you.

Leave the crate open whenever you’re home so your dog may come and go as he wishes. Whenever you buy a new toy or have a treat for him, give it to him in the crate. That reinforces positive actions. Don’t use his crate for any form of punishment or you negate its positive side.

  1. Set fair expectations.

Even though an adult dog has the capacity to hold it for a couple of hours, he may never have been taught to do that. Begin with one hour and gradually increase it. If you can’t do that yourself, get a friend or neighbour to let him out periodically. If necessary, hire a dig-sitter or walker.

  1. Set a routine.

Dogs are habitual animals. When you want to teach him to go outside to do potty, set up a routine that both encourages and rewards that exact behaviour. Feed him at the same times each day instead of leaving food out all the time. Take him outside straight after each meal, first thing each morning, last thing at night and the moment you open his crate. Make up a command such as “go potty!” If he does so, praise him.

  1. Watch your dog closely.

During the house-training period, he should be in his crate or within your eyesight at all times. Understand his signs that show you when he wants to go: sniffing for a spot, walking in circles or squatting. When you see a sign, take him out straightaway and use your command.

If he starts to go inside, make a loud sound such as “Ah!” or clap your hands loudly. That will startle him and usually make him stop momentarily. Take him out right at that moment. Use the command and reward him if he goes. That trains him to know that inside is not the place to go potty but outside is.

  1. Manage accidents appropriately.

It’s natural that there will be accidents, especially in the early stages. The trick is to correct them at the time.

Dogs have short term memory. That’s when their behaviour needs to be corrected. If you find a mess after it has happened, don’t rub his nose in it as he won’t know why you’re doing that. It actually affects training in a negative manner. He’ll link fear with you instead of his mess.

Use a cleaner that breaks the mess down so it will stop future accidents. If a dog smells a spot where he has gone before, he’s more likely to go there again. That’s not good, whether it’s inside or outside. Some cleaners simply mask the smell. You need an enzyme-based cleaner that chemically breaks it down so your dog can’t smell it later.

  1. Consistency and patience.

New habits take time. If you give your dog patience and remain consistent in your own behaviour, it will be easier to train him to know what you expect from him.

That’s it – 7 tips to crate train your older dog. Use these tips and you’ll soon have a well-trained dog who will only go potty outside.



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How To Stop Your Puppy From Biting

Boston TerrierPuppy breath and kisses are two of the joys of owning a puppy. But you also get the sharp puppy teeth. However, here are four steps you can use to get your puppy to stop biting.

Understand why.

When a puppy is born, his ears and eyes are sealed tight so he can’t hear or see anything around him. However, he does have a mouth…capable of finding his mother and getting that delicious milk. Within a few weeks, his mouth will be used to explore anything it can…from the softness of his littermates’ ears to the hard crunch of his kibble. His mouth is a major part of his interactions with his puppy mates and his mother. This is how he socializes with others. When he first meets somebody new, he opens his mouth and licks and bites. This is a natural thing for him to do.

The biting may be cute at first…but not for too long.

These are no excuses for the biting. As your puppy grows, the biting will be potentially more dangerous and a less acceptable behaviour. Once you know why he bites, you can work on stopping it.

Never reward biting.

Any time a dog gets what he wants when he does something, he’ll learn that he just has to keep doing that thing to get what he wants. It’s common for a puppy to only hear cooing voices, even if he’s being told off for biting. Even though everyone has done it, it’s difficult to resist but is unproductive. Your puppy recognises the tone, not the words. So if he does bite and then you reprimand him by using a cooing sound, he’ll think that’s a good thing.

The same principle applies when he’s trying to get a toy from you. It’s natural to let go of a toy if he bites but that behaviour only encourages him to bite because he knows he’ll get the toy if he does so. He’s learned that lesson and will use it again in the future.

Discourage puppy from biting.

There are steps to take to discourage puppy from biting instead of him thinking you’re rewarding him. If he wants a toy and is biting, stop playing straightaway. That takes the fun and attention away, two of the things that puppy loves at that age. If you teach him that he’ll lose what he wants if he bites, he’ll learn to stop biting.

Another technique is not to coo. Use a short word such as NO! or AH! Your puppy will understand something short and sharp whenever he does something he’s not supposed to do more than if you use a long sentence to tell him off. A one word warning is easier to imbue with emotion than a sentence. It attracts his attention to you and off whatever he was attempting to achieve.

Make it uncomfortable to bite. This doesn’t mean hurting your dog. That’s not ok. But if something is not fun, puppy won’t like doing it. Some dog trainers suggest making a fist and putting that into the puppy’s mouth. He won’t like it and will do something else instead. If you do that every time he wants to bite, he’ll learn not to do it.

Another way is to wrap your hand around his jaw. It’s not tight but it stops the game and tells him it’s not ok to bite. Use the NO! or AH! to make the message stronger and that tells him he won’t get what he wants.

Channel the biting.

Remember that puppies love to explore everything with their mouths. Just like with human babies, a puppy teethes. He must chew to ease the irritation and it’s also fun to do. So get something he’s allowed to chew on.

It’s vital that you have a range of different puppy toys as only having one will make him grow bored quickly. Boredom will make him go looking for other things to chew, such as shoes, shoelaces, clothing and whatever else is within his reach. A variation in toys gives him different textures, consistencies and sounds that all help to keep his mind occupied and enables him to think he’s always exploring hew things.

Here are a few good examples of hardy toys:

An indestructible ball. If he can’t break it, regardless of how much he tries to chew it, he’ll have lots of fun rolling it around, chewing it, nosing and pawing it. You can get different sizes and textures and it reacts differently to other toys.

Plush dog toys have long-lasting squeakers which puppy loves listening to when he plays. It’s soft and keeps his hearing and biting actions busy for hours.

It’s as simple as that! Stopping your puppy from biting isn’t hard. You just need to provide some guidance so he learns good habits and is still able to enjoy himself.

Once you have trained him, you can enjoy being kissed by him with no fear of being bitten.

Copyright 2015. CaninePals.Com

 

Dogs That Bark Too Much May Create Huge Problems For Owners

dog barkingIf you have a dog that barks all the time, it can cause huge problems. Sometimes severe measures need to happen. For example, debarking the dog (removing his vocal cords in a surgical procedure) is one way to stop the sound from happening. He still barks but you don’t hear the sound. Most people hate this idea but it happens more often than vets would ever admit.

Today’s average dog leads a fairly non–stimulating lifestyle at home; sleeping, eating twice each day, lounging on the couch and going for the odd walk now and then. Dogs that have been bred to work will get bored with such a life and find that barking can ease the boredom.

There are numerous reasons for a dog to bark including: sounding an alarm, being excited, being anxious or hearing or seeing a person or animal in close vicinity. The ideal way to stop the barking is to give the dog more exercise and also extra mental stimulus. This will refocus and tire him out, inevitably reducing the amount of barking that has been happening.

Types of Barking

Before fixing a problem with barking, you need to be certain it is a problem. Sometimes it may be because the owner has a short fuse and what may seem like too much barking is really a normal amount. For example, if the doorbell rings or there’s someone knocking at the door, it’s natural for the dog to bark. However, if the dog is left to keep barking, it can get out of hand. The next stage is to work out the reason for the barking and what type of barking it is. There are a few different sorts of barking problems.

Barking for Attention

If your dog barks because he wants attention or wants something specific, ignore him until he stops. This might be difficult but if you’re patient, it should work. He may keep barking to be persistent but remain patient.

If he goes quiet, wait for five seconds and then give him a treat as a reward. Repeat these steps as many times as necessary. Your dog should learn that barking does nothing but being quiet is good and gets more attention.

 The Excitable Bark

People vocalise when they’re excited and so do dogs. It’s normal to bark before being taken for a walk or while waiting for food to be dished up. Barking in these scenarios can be hard to break because there are special patterns of behaviour for both tasks. Your dog will bark because he’s excited because he knows what’s about to happen.

To change your dog’s behaviour, alter the visual cues. If you get his leash and he barks, put it back and go and sit down again. If he stops barking, try again. Don’t put the leash on while he is barking. If you get the leash on and open the door but he barks again, close the door and sit down until he stops. Once there’s quiet, then try again.

This technique demands a lot of patience but it will be rewarded eventually with the right behaviour, silence. So your will learn that he needs to be silent or he won’t get food or walks. These techniques need no spoken words, just the right actions. Body language will train your dog the right way, if you’re persistent. Dogs are very smart and will soon learn what you want to teach them.

Anxiety Barking

 Many dogs hate being alone and suffer from anxiety when you leave the house. It’s common for your dog to bark if anxious so you need to use the right behaviour modification methods.

Barking is your dog’s way of releasing some of the anxiety and trying to make contact again. Patience and time is necessary to train your dog out of this behaviour. If he does demonstrate this problem, you should get help from an expert positive reinforcement dog trainer to help you control your dog’s anxiety.

Copyright 2015. Caninepals.Com