Do you want to know about the top 180 dog breeds in this world? If so, then read on! It’s time for an epic list of dogs A to Z. From the Affenpinscher to the Yorkshire Terrier, we have every type covered here with descriptions and pictures of each fantastic pet.
Browsing the internet for information about dogs can be an overwhelming task. That is why we have compiled this alphabetical list of popular dog breeds to make it easier for you. We hope that this complete dog breed list will help give you a head start on your research and find the perfect dog for your family.
When you have a list of dog breeds in order, it’s easier to find the one that suits your needs. The variety of dogs on offer in the modern day is wide. With over 200 canine breeds growing, it’s not easy to find your perfect match when you’re just browsing through a few breed pages or Youtube videos!
The authoritative resource for all things canine is now available. Dog breeds A-Z, breed information including photographs and full descriptions are at our fingertips thanks to this handy reference guide with an alphabetical arrangement by name (easy peasy).
Learn all about the different Canines in our index of distinct breeds. Hundreds of photos and information about all dogs are included in our alphabetical list of dog breeds.
The Kennel Club currently recognizes about 200 distinct k9 breeds. Each and every dog possesses unique characteristics determined by its breed standard. Setting aside time to study and research is vital in locating the most suitable puppy for your family.
Canine Pals is here to help you find your perfect dog with a list of dog breeds in alphabetical order. Important info on all dogs a to z. Click on the dog breed names below for information about dog breeds a to z or dog breeds alphabetically.
Canine Pals has all the dog breeds in alphabetical order with complete dog breed info and canine profile for all dogs: dog breeds a to z photos, everything about k9 breeds including, training, exercise, grooming requirements, size at maturity, color photos, links to breeders and dog rescue services.
What is a Dog Breed?
In the past, humans chose specific dogs to perform certain tasks. Today some breeds have been bred for looks or purposes that remove any imperfections they may have had originally. Today, domestic dog is bred as family dogs, to hunt game birds, working dogs, guard dogs, assistance alert dogs, and to compete in dog sports.
Finding the Right Dog
If you want to find a healthy, fun animal full of personality and energy – then the right breed for your needs may be just what you require as a new family member. For those who prefer a companion dog rather than a working dog breed, guard dogs, herding dogs, hunting dogs, or lapdogs- there are over 100 pure breeds out there.
Most families require companion dogs and a highly intelligent, affectionate family dog with a fun-loving and energetic personality is a perfect choice. From tiny Papillon’s (a French butterfly dog) gentle demeanor characteristic in Toy Poodle kind; up to massive Mastiffs known for their protective nature. There will surely be an option perfect for your family.
A hybrid breed of dog might be healthy, but many people want more than just basic companionship from their pets; for dog sports, they need full breed status and American Kennel Club registration. So that they have less chance of genetic diseases like hip dysplasia (a common affliction affecting certain breeds) and Progressive Retinal Atrophy(PRA) which causes blindness over time.
As you search for the perfect dog, one of the most important things to consider is your lifestyle. Different breeds are better at various tasks, and it’s essential to find a breed that fits what you need from a pet.
If you live in an apartment or a condo building without access to an outdoor space, look for a small-sized breed like Toy Poodle or Yorkshire Terrier, which will be more comfortable living indoors. If you have small children who want their own puppy but don’t yet understand how much work goes into owning a pet, choose smaller dogs such as the long-haired Shih Tzu because they require less exercise than other larger-sized breeds do.
CaninePals.Com Dog Breeds A to Z List
Click on any of the breed names below for full details and photos:
Alphabetical List of Dog Breeds
Dog Breeds That Start With A
The Affenpinscher is a small and mischievous dog with an often devil-like appearance. The breed was originally bred to be ratters. This dog breed makes a great pet.
The Afghan Hound is a dog originally bred to be used as a hunting breed in Afghanistan.
The Airedale Terrier is an active, tenacious dog with a distinctive coat. This breed can be alert, outgoing, and playful; they love the outdoors!
The Akita is a large dog originating from Japan. Akitas are loyal and protective, making them excellent guard dogs.
Alaskan Malamutes are a type of dog that is used for sledding.
•American English Coonhound
The American English Coonhound is descended from the English Foxhound. Brought to America in colonial times, and used by hunters to track raccoons.
•American Eskimo Dog
The American Eskimo dog is medium-sized and intelligent, with a white colored coat. These dogs descend from German Spitz dogs but were renamed after World War I.
Is a unique breed of dog. American Foxhounds are bred and used for hunting and are known for their tracking abilities. These dogs make great pets.
•American Staffordshire Terrier
The American Staffordshire Terrier is often mistakenly called a pit bull. These affectionate, intense dogs need consistent training and plenty of exercise.
•American Water Spaniel
American Water Spaniels are a breed of gundog that was created in America. They have an array of traits from retriever dogs and spaniels.
•Anatolian Shepherd Dog
The Anatolian Shepherd is a breed that has been around for thousands of years and can weigh up to 150 pounds. They are intelligent and independent dogs.
•Australian Cattle Dog
Australian Cattle Dogs are a versatile and hardworking breed. They were initially bred to herd cattle in Australia, but they now make great family pets.
Australian Shepherds are a popular breed of dog known for their loyalty and intelligence. They are often used as working dogs and excel at tasks such as herding and agility. Australian Shepherds are also great companion animals and make loyal and loving pets.
•Australian Silky Terrier
The Australian Silky Terrier is a small, energetic dog known for its long, silky coat. Bred in Australia, these dogs were initially used for hunting rats and other vermin. Today, they are popular companion animals and make great family pets. Australian Silky Terriers are intelligent dogs that are easy to train.
•Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog
The Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog is a herding dog developed in Australia. The breed is known for its loyalty, intelligence, and tenacity. Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dogs are versatile working dogs for various tasks, including herding, sheepdog trials, agility, obedience, and tracking. The breed is also an excellent family pet.
The Australian Terrier is a small to medium-sized Terrier, initially bred in Australia for hunting rodents and snakes. Australian Terriers are bold, tenacious, and independent.
Dog Breeds Beginning With B
Basenjis are a breed of dog originating in Africa. Basenjis are bred in various colors, including black, brindle, red, and tricolored. Basenjis are small to medium-sized dogs with short coats and erect ears. They are intelligent and playful dogs that make good companion animals. Basenjis are also known for their unique vocalizations. Basenjis are relatively rare dogs and are not commonly found in shelters or rescues.
For a good reason, Basset Hounds are among the most popular dog breeds! They’re known for being gentle, loving, and easy to train. Basset Hounds are also great for kids and other pets. A Basset Hound might be the perfect dog if you’re looking for a great companion who will make you laugh.
The Beagle is a small hound dog, typically weighing between 20 and 25 pounds. Beagles are known for their distinctively shrill howl, which can be heard for miles. These dogs are also known for being loyal and affectionate companions.
The Bearded Collie, also known as the Highland Sheepdog, is a large breed of herding dog native to Scotland. These dogs were initially bred to herd sheep and cattle, but they also make excellent companion animals. Bearded Collies are intelligent and trainable, and they are also very affectionate with their families.
The Beauceron is a large herding dog from France. The Beauceron is a versatile breed, able to herd cattle, work as a guard dog, and serve as a loyal companion. The Beauceron is an intelligent breed that is easy to train. The Beauceron has a strong work ethic and is eager to please.
The Bedlington Terrier is one of the small dog breeds bred in England. Bedlington Terriers are known for their unique appearance, which includes a lamb-like coat and a pear-shaped head. They are also known for being an energetic and playful breed, and they make great companion dogs. Bedlingtons are very intelligent.
The Belgian Malinois is a Belgian shepherd dog breed known for its loyalty and obedience. They are often used as working dogs in various fields, such as law enforcement and the military. Belgian Malinois are also popular as family pets due to their affectionate nature.
Belgian Sheepdogs are a versatile, all-purpose breed. Originally bred as herding and guard dogs, they are now popular family pets. Belgian Sheepdogs are intelligent, high energy, and require regular exercise. They are loyal and protective of their families but can be aloof with strangers. Belgian Sheepdogs need early socialization.
The Belgian Tervuren is a type of Belgian Shepherd Dog often used in police and military work and as a loyal and protective companion. Belgian Tervurens are highly intelligent and trainable, making them ideal for various working roles. They are also known for their striking appearance and thick fur coats.
•Bernese Mountain Dog
The Bernese Mountain Dog originates from Switzerland and is a large dog breed. They were initially bred for farm work, including pulling carts, herding livestock, and guarding property. The Bernese Mountain Dog is an intelligent dog breed.
The Bichon Frise is a white, small, fluffy dog. Bichons are intelligent and affectionate dogs that make excellent companion animals. They are known for their playful personalities and their love of cuddling. Bichons are also supposed to be relatively hypoallergenic. People need to be aware that there are NO hypoallergenic dogs, despite claims to the contrary.
•Black Russian Terrier
Black Russian Terriers are large, powerful dogs originally bred in Russia for military and guard work. They are still used as working dogs in many different capacities, but they also make great family pets. Black Russian Terriers are intelligent and trainable but can also be stubborn and independent, and they need plenty of exercise and space to play.
•Black and Tan Coonhound
Black and Tan Coonhounds are hunting dogs bred in the United States. The breed is descended from the Bloodhound and the Foxhound. Black and Tan Coonhounds are used for hunting deer, bears, coon, and other game. The species is known for its deep, melodious voice. Black and Tan Coonhounds are gentle, loving dogs that make great family pets.
Bloodhounds are one of the oldest dog breeds in existence. Bloodhounds were initially bred for hunting deer and other game, but they are now primarily used as tracking dogs. Bloodhounds have an incredible sense of smell and can follow a scent for miles. Bloodhounds are gentle giants and make great family pets.
Bluetick Coonhounds are known for their loyalty, intelligence, and friendly nature. They make great family pets and are easy to train. Bluetick Coonhounds are also known for their hunting abilities and powerful tracking instinct. If you’re looking for a loyal, intelligent, and friendly dog, the Bluetick Coonhound is the perfect dog breed for you.
The Border Collie is a medium-sized dog breed known for its intense herding instinct. Border Collies are working dogs and are considered highly intelligent.
These clever dogs are often used in dog sports, such as obedience, agility, and flyball, as well as successful search and rescue dogs, disaster dogs, assistance dogs, and detection dogs. Border Collies are also considered one of the most versatile dog breeds.
The Border Collie is a herding breed of dog developed in the Anglo-Scottish border region for working sheep. Traditionally, the breed was used by shepherds to herd their flock.
Border Terriers were originally bred on the Scottish-English border, which is why they are named after that area. Border Terriers are known for their loyalty, obedience, and intelligence.
They are also among the most popular breeds of dogs in the United Kingdom. Border Terriers are good with children and make great family pets. They are also known for being good at hunting small animals such as rabbits and foxes.
Border Terriers are a medium-sized breed of dog, and they typically weigh between 11 and 15 pounds. Border Terriers have a short, coarse coat.
The Borzoi is a Russian dog breed that has been around for centuries. Bred originally for hunting, the Borzoi is still used for this purpose in some parts of the world. But in recent years, the breed has become more popular as a companion animal, thanks to its gentle and loving nature.
Though they may look intimidating at first glance, Borzois are actually very gentle and loving dogs. They are fiercely loyal to their families and make great companion animals. If you’re looking for a big, beautiful dog to add to your family, the Borzoi may be the perfect breed for you!
The Boston Terrier is a breed of domesticated dog originating in the United States of America. Boston Terriers are small and compact with short tails and erect ears.
The Boston Terrier’s coat is short, fine, and shiny. Boston Terriers come in various colors, including black, brindle, and seal.
Boston Terriers are intelligent, lively, and good-natured. Boston Terriers make excellent family pets. Boston Terriers are also used as therapy dogs. Boston Terriers generally live for 10-12 years.
•Bouvier des Flandres
The Bouvier is a rather large dog breed in Flanders, Belgium. They are known for their loyal and protective nature and make excellent guard dogs.
Bouvier des Flandres are also intelligent and easily trained, making them popular as working dogs in many fields. Today, they are still used as herders, police dogs, and service animals but are also popular as companion animals and family pets.
Bouviers are large dogs, with males standing 24-27 inches tall at the shoulder and females 23-26 inches tall.
The Boxer is a versatile dog breed, originally bred for working and protection. Boxers are now popular family pets known for their playfulness, loyalty, and intelligence.
Boxer dogs come in a variety of colors and markings. Boxers are medium to large dogs, with male dogs weighing between 65 and 80 pounds and females between 50 and 65 pounds.
Boxers have a life expectancy of 10 to 12 years. Boxers are susceptible to health problems, including cancer, heart disease, and hip dysplasia.
Boykin Spaniels are a medium-sized breed of dog, originally bred in the United States. They are an all-around hunting dog used for both game birds and waterfowl. Boykin Spaniels are also known for their loyalty, making them great family pets.
If you’re looking for a Boykin Spaniel of your own, check out local Boykin Spaniel breeders. You can also find Boykin Spaniels through online dog breeders’ directories.
When choosing a Boykin Spaniel, picking a reputable breeder is vital. This will help ensure that you get a healthy, well-adjusted puppy. Boykin Spaniels are intelligent, energetic dogs that need plenty of exercise. They are loyal and affectionate with their families but can be shy around strangers. Boykin Spaniels do best in homes with yards where they can run and play.
The Briard is a medium-sized French herding dog. Briards are relatively rare and considered one of the most versatile working dogs. Briards are confident, loyal, and protective, making them excellent family companions. They are also intelligent and trainable, although their independent nature means they can be stubborn.
Briards need plenty of exercise and are not suited to a sedentary lifestyle. They are active, energetic dogs who require daily walks and playtime. Briards are also known for their distinctive long, shaggy coats requiring regular grooming.
If you are considering a Briard as a pet, be prepared for a lot of activity – but you will be rewarded with a loving, devoted companion.
Brittany Spaniels are a popular dog breed known for their friendly and outgoing personalities. They make great companions and are often used as therapy dogs.
Brittany Spaniels are intelligent and easy to train, making them a good choice for families with children. These dogs are active and require plenty of exercise, so they’re not well suited for a sedentary lifestyle. Brittany Spaniels typically live 10-12 years.
The Griffon Bruxellois, also known in some countries as the Brussels Griffon, is a dog breed originally from Belgium. These dogs are known for their distinctively wrinkled faces and come in various coat colors and two coat types, the rough-coated and smooth-coated variety.
Although they may seem like a relatively recent breed, Brussels Griffons have been around since the 19th century. Today, they are prized as companion animals and are recognized by most major kennel clubs.
If you’re looking for a dog full of personality, the Brussels Griffon may be the perfect breed for you. These dogs are known for their comical expressions and love of playful antics. Even though they may be small in size, they are big in personality.
Brussels Griffons are intelligent dogs that are easy to train. They are also relatively quiet, making them good apartment dogs. However, they need regular exercise and plenty of mental stimulation to prevent boredom.
If you think the Griffon Bruxellois is the right dog for you, be sure to do your research before getting one. This breed can be prone to health problems, so it’s essential to find a reputable breeder who can provide you with a dog that is healthy and has a good temperament.
The Bull Terrier is a dog breed originally bred in England in the 19th century. The Bull Terrier was created by crossing the Bulldog with terriers, and the resulting breed was a strong dog that was also very aggressive.
The Bull Terrier was initially used as a fighting dog, but it was later banned in many countries due to its aggressive nature, but it is also now bred as a companion animal.
The Bulldog is a medium-sized dog breed initially bred for bull baiting. Bulldogs are now considered one of the most popular pet breeds and are known for their loyalty, affectionate nature, and tenacity. Bulldogs come in various colors, including brindle, fawn, white, and red.
Bullmastiffs are a large, powerful breed of dog originally bred in England in the 19th century. Bullmastiffs are loyal, protective dogs that make great family pets.
They are also intelligent and trainable, making them suitable for various roles such as service dogs, therapy dogs, and even police work.
Dog Breeds C
The Cairn Terrier is a small, compact dog from the Scottish Highlands. Cairn Terriers are known for their shaggy coats, which can come in various colors, including black, brindle, cream, red, and wheaten.
These dogs are active and playful companions for families with children. Cairn Terriers are also relatively easy to train and are generally good-natured dogs. However, they can be willful at times and require firm handling. Overall, the Cairn Terrier is a beautiful dog breed that makes a great addition to any family.
The Canaan Dog is a breed of dog that is the national dog of Israel and is native to the Middle East. The Canaan Dog is a working dog originally used for herding and guarding livestock, and the Canaan Dog is also a service dog in many different ways.
They are intelligent, loyal, and have a strong work ethic. Canaan Dogs are also known for their watchdog abilities. Canaan Dogs are relatively rare in the United States but are becoming more popular as companion dogs.
Canaan Dogs are medium-sized dogs with various coat colors, and they are active dogs and need plenty of exercise. Canaan Dogs are generally healthy, but like all dog breeds, they can be prone to specific health conditions.
The Cane Corso is a muscular and large dog bred initially in Italy. These dogs are known for their strength, loyalty, and protective instincts. Cane Corsos make excellent guard dogs and are often used as working dogs in security. They are also very loving and devoted to their families, making them great companions.
•Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Cardigan Welsh Corgis are a type of small herding dog. They are one of two distinct breeds of Welsh Corgi.
Cardigans are named for Cardiganshire, the county in Wales where they originated. Cardigans are intelligent, active, and loyal dogs that make excellent companions. Cardigans are also known for their long, low body shape and short legs.
•Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are a type of small spaniel. They are named for King Charles II, who was particularly fond of this dog breed. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are well known for their loving and affectionate nature, and they make excellent companion dogs and are very loyal to their families.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are typically good with children and other pets, and they are small active dogs and need moderate exercise. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are healthy dogs, but like all canine breeds, they are susceptible to specific health problems. Cavalier King Charles Spaniels typically live for 12-14 years.
The Cesky Terrier is a small, terrier-type dog breed from the Czech Republic. They are known for being particularly intelligent and independent and excel at obedience and agility training.
Cesky Terriers make great family pets but may not be ideal for first-time dog owners due to their strong-willed nature. Cesky Terriers require regular grooming and exercise and are usually healthy dogs with a life expectancy of 12-15 years.
•Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Chesapeake Bay Retrievers are a type of dog known for being loyal and friendly. They are often used as working dogs and excel in tasks such as hunting and retrieving. Chesapeake Bay Retrievers are also intelligent and easy to train.
These dogs are good with children and make great family pets. Chesapeake Bay Retrievers are native to the United States, and their name comes from the Chesapeake Bay area where they were first bred. Chesapeake Bay Retrievers are a large breed of dog weighing up to 80 pounds.
Chihuahuas are one of the most well-liked small dog breeds in the world. Chihuahuas are known for their loyalty and loving nature. Chihuahuas make excellent companion dogs and are often called “lap dogs.” Chihuahuas come in various colors: black, white, brown, and tan.
Chihuahuas are initially from Mexico and are the smallest breed of dog. Chihuahuas are named after Chihuahua, a Mexican state where they were first discovered. Chihuahuas are known for their large ears and big eyes. Chihuahuas usually weigh between 2 and 6 pounds.
The Chinese Crested is a small, elegant dog breed known for its unique appearance. They have large, pointed ears and long, fluffy tails. Chinese Cresteds come in two varieties: the Powderpuff and the Hairless. Powderpuffs are completely covered in soft, fluffy hair, while Hairless Chinese Cresteds have smooth, hairless skin.
Both varieties of Chinese Crested are loving and affectionate dogs that make great companions. Chinese Cresteds are active little dogs that enjoy playing and spending time with their families.
They are relatively easy to train and are good with children. Chinese Cresteds require minimal grooming and are relatively low-maintenance dogs. They are a healthy breed with few health problems, and Chinese Cresteds make great pets for families and individuals alike.
The Chinese Shar-Pei has a unique appearance. The most notable feature of the Chinese Shar-Pei is its wrinkled skin. This breed is also known for being loyal and protective, and Chinese Shar-Peis make great family pets.
Chinook dogs are a versatile and hardworking breed originally bred in New England in the early 1900s. Chinooks were used for sledding, carting, and other working roles, and today they still maintain those same versatile instincts. Chinooks are known for being intelligent, playful, and loyal companions that make great family pets.
The Chow Chow is a dog breed that originated in China and is a member of the Spitz family. Chow Chows have blue-black tongues, one of the few dog breeds with this characteristic.
Chow Chow puppies are also born with pink tongues, which change color as they mature. Chow Chows are medium-sized dogs and can weigh up to 70 pounds.
Chow Chow dogs come in various colors, including red, black, blue, cream, and cinnamon. Chow Chow dogs are loyal and protective of their family members. They are not typically aggressive but maybe if they feel threatened.
The Cirneco dell’Etna has existed for more than 2,500 years and comes from Sicily. He’s a hunting dog that chases fowl and small mammals. He can hunt in rugged terrains such as that formed by lava from volcanoes. He can hunt when the weather is very hot and without much food or water for long time periods. The second part of his name was only added in 1939 when he was accepted by the Italian Kennel Club. He is named after Europe’s largest volcano and Etna has the highest number of these dogs.
His hunting skills encompass hearing, smell, and sight. His coat color can be light or dark shades of chestnut or tan and he may have white markings. He has the independent, strong temperament that a hunter needs but he also loves being around people and is affectionate and friendly. He needs a moderate amount of exercise and also needs to have mental stimulation because he’s highly inquisitive. His coat only needs minimal care. His height is 18 – 19.5 inches.
The Clumber Spaniel is thought to have originated in France in the 18th century and had ancestors including the Alpine Spaniel and the Basset Hound. He was an excellent hunter and did it so quietly that he could get very close to his prey. His name changed when a big French kennel moved to Clumber Park (owned by the Duke of Newcastle) at the beginning of the French Revolution to try and save the dogs.
This dog can work all day and has a rolling, slow gait. He’s very enthusiastic about play and work and has a white coat with either orange or lemon markings. He fits in well with people and other animals because he loves to play. He loves long walks but not jogging. He does shed hair and drools and slobbers more than most dogs. He’s responsive to training and he stands 17 – 20 inches tall.
•Cocker Spaniel (American)
American Cocker Spaniels originated in the United States. The American Cocker Spaniel is a descendant of the English Cocker Spaniel and was initially bred to hunt small game such as quail and grouse.
American Cockers are smaller than their English cousins and have shorter legs. They come in various colors: black, brown, buff, and red. American Cockers are friendly, intelligent, and devoted dogs that make great family pets.
They are relatively easy to train and are good with children. American Cockers require moderate exercise and do not do well in hot weather.
•Cocker Spaniel ( English)
The English Cocker Spaniel is among the oldest land spaniels and originated in Spain. He was a hunting dog, chasing his prey through the densest cover, flushing them out, and bringing them back to his master. He’s a tough dog that can move fast to capture his prey. In 1935, the English Cocker Spaniel Club of America was created to support the English breed and separate it from the American breed.
His compact, muscular body is full of enthusiasm and energy when working and he also loves being with his family as he’s very affectionate. His tail rarely stops wagging. He needs regular exercise and can live anywhere. His coat can be black, shades of red, brown, or parti-colored, including roaning and ticking. His medium coat needs regular stripping, clipping, and brushing. He’s 15 – 17 inches high.
Collies are a type of herding dog that is popular in many countries around the world. They are known for their intelligence, trainability, and loyal and affectionate nature. Collies come in both short-haired and long-haired varieties and come in various colors.
The Collie is a very popular dog breed, and they have been featured in many movies and television shows over the years. One of the most famous collies is Lassie, the star of her tv show in the 1950s.
The Curly Coated Retriever is a medium to large-sized dog breed. They are known for their tight, curly coats, which can be either black or liver in color.
Curly Coated Retrievers are energetic and lively dogs who enjoy being active. They are loyal and affectionate with their families but can be reserved around strangers.
This breed requires plenty of exercise, and They are intelligent dogs who are easy to train. Curly Coated Retrievers are wonderful with children and make good family pets.
Dog Breeds D
Dachshunds are a popular breed of dog known for their long bodies and short legs. They are loyal and loving companions and make great family pets.
Dachshunds are also known for their spunky personalities and are always up for a walk or a game. If you’re looking for a furry friend who will bring your life joy, a Dachshund is a perfect choice!
The Dalmatian is the only dog with spots. He has a varied history, appearing in Asia, Europe and Africa under different names and nationalities. He has been a war dog, a shepherd, a draft dog, a ratter, a bird dog, a fire-apparatus follower, a retriever, and a trail hound. He’s the only coaching dog and he relates well to horses and guards horse-drawn vehicles well.
He performs well in shows in agility and obedience events as well as being a coach dog for horses in road trials. His coat is short and white with brown or black spots. He’s fun-loving and loves being around people. He has boundless energy and needs lots of exercise, either on a leash or in a fenced enclosure. He sheds hair all year long and so needs regular brushing to help minimize it. He’s 19 – 23 inches high.
•Dandie Dinmont Terrier
The Dandie Dinmont Terrier was first noted as a specific breed in 1700 and has been a popular dog among gypsies and wealthy people at different times over the years. He’s skilled at tracking badgers and otters. He’s named after Sir Walter Scott’s character “Dandie Dinmont” in his 1814 book, “Guy Mannering,” in which he wrote about this breed of dog.
He has a low, long body and a curved tail. His eyes are large and soulful and he’s full of confidence, although only a small dog. He’s intelligent and independent but shows affection towards his family. He’s good in urban or rural settings and needs a daily walk. His coat colour is either mustard or pepper. He doesn’t shed but his coat needs to be stripped twice a year and needs brushing daily. He stands at 8 – 11 inches high.
The Doberman Pinscher is thought to have originated in the early 1900s in Germany. He’s named after Louis Dobermann who was a tax collector and needed a guard dog and companion. His ancestors included the Rottweiler, the German Pinscher, the Shorthaired Shepherd, and the Black and Tan terrier.
He’s a muscular, medium size, square dog with great speed and endurance. He has a good temperament and is highly intelligent. He’s easily trained and has been used as a war dog and police dog. He’s obedient, fearless, and watchful and not only can give a warning but will back it up when necessary.
He needs regular exercise but his short coat only needs minimal grooming. His hard, short coat can be colored fawn, blue, red, or black. He’s 24 – 28 inches in height.
•Dogue de Bordeaux
The Dogue de Bordeaux is a French breed but his ancestry is unknown. Dogue is French for mastiff. He has been linked to the Bulldog, the Bullmastiff, the Tibetan Mastiff, and the Dogues de Bordeaux from Aquitaine. He has been a fighter, a guardian, and a hunter. He was trained to bait jaguars, bears, and bulls and herd cattle as well as to protect his master’s business and home.
He first came to be noticed in the US as the drooling dog “Hooch” in the 1989 movie, “Turner and Hooch,” with Tom Hanks. He has excellent guarding instincts but isn’t aggressive. He’s affectionate and has a calm, patient temperament. His short coat is a fawn color, ranging from a lightish fawn to a dark red. His coat only needs minimal care and he doesn’t need much exercise, despite his size. But be prepared to handle lots of drool! His height is 23 – 27 inches and he weighs at least 100 pounds.
Dog Breeds Beginning With E
The English Foxhound dates back to before 1800. Because there were over 250 packs of British hounds, meticulous records were kept through the years. He looks similar to his American cousin but is stouter and shorter. He was designed to run in a pack and cover long distances so he needs regular daily exercise. He also needs lots of training because of that pack instinct.
His color can be white, tan or black, or any combination of these colors. He’s an independent dog with a stubborn streak. His dense, short, glossy coat only needs a small amount of maintenance. He’s 24 inches in height.
The English Setter is among the oldest of the gundog breeds and originated in England over 400 years ago. It’s believed his ancestors were Spanish. He’s similar to the Gordon and Irish Setters but his personality is different, as is his look. Before guns were invented, this dog would find birds and “set” himself down on his front legs so his master could toss a net over the bird. When guns were used, he stood up so his master could see him more clearly.
His feathered coat is white in color and has some dark hairs mixed in, called “Belton” markings. The markings can either be liver, lemon, tricolor (tan points and blue Belton), blue (white and black markings), or orange. He hates being alone and thrives when he’s with people. He’s extremely affectionate and needs a lot of exercise, either in a fenced enclosure or on a leash. His coat needs lots of care. He’s 24 – 25 inches in height.
•English Springer Spaniel
The English Springer Spaniel was part of the same litter as the Cocker Spaniels originally. In 1902, he was acknowledged to be a separate breed and in 1924 when field trials began, he became more popular in North America. He has amazing stamina and can hunt under the harshest of conditions, mainly because he has a powerful, medium body.
His ears are long and droopy and his long coat can be colored tricolor, liver or blue roan or liver or black with white. He’s eager to please, cheerful, and very affectionate. He stays close to his family and makes a good pet. He does need regular exercise and his coat must be trimmed and brushed regularly to stop matting and keep it clean. He’s 19 – 20 inches high.
•English Toy Spaniel
The English Toy Spaniel originally came from the Far East but the exact information is unknown. There were four different types which are based on their colors; Prince Charles was white with tan and black marks. King Charles was tan and black. The Ruby was a rich mahogany red and the Blenheim was a rich mahogany white and red. King Charles was a favorite of the King in England at one point and breeding attempts focused on this type. The breeds appeared in 17th, 18th, and 19th-century portraits of royals.
This dog is a playful, gentle, happy dog with great intelligence and good behavior. He’s a good pet and plays with children without supervision. Because he’s small, he’s ideal for apartment living. All types of English Toy Spaniels are simple to care for and only need brushing and combing twice a week.
•Entlebucher Mountain Dog
The Entlebucher Mountain Dog comes from Switzerland and is one of four Swiss Mountain Dogs. He’s the smallest of the four. Farmers used this dog to move cows from different pastures in the Alps. He’s fast, agile, and intelligent which helps when he’s working with hogs and horses as well. He’s named after the Entlebuch Valley of Switzerland.
He’s a muscular, compact, enthusiastic dog who excels at competitive sports and any dog activities his master uses him for. His hard, short coat is a colored tricolor black with white marks on his chest, muzzle, blaze, and feet. He also has shades of mahogany and fawn on his eyebrows and between the white markings. He’s loyal to his family but must have lots of exercise to burn off his energy so a lazy owner isn’t suitable. He’s at his best when given something to do. His coat needs minimal care. He’s 16 – 21 inches in height.
Dogs That Start With F
The Field Spaniel was originally from England in the mid-1800s. He was used as a hunting dog and retriever of both water and land creatures. He didn’t become a separate breed from the Cocker Spaniels until the 20th century when the decision was made that any dog who weighed more than 25 pounds would be a Field Spaniel.
One of the rarer breeds of spaniel, he nearly became extinct. He has long pendulum-like ears and a coat that’s water-repellent and dense. His color can be golden liver, liver, or black and he can have white or tan markings. He’s a fun-loving, docile dog and makes a good companion. He’s loyal to his family but reserved when he’s around strangers. He needs regular exercise. His coat only needs to be brushed weekly and trimmed occasionally. He stands 17 – 18 inches high.
The Finnish Lapphund is a versatile and hardworking dog that originates in the Finnish region of Lapland. These dogs were initially bred to help with herding and hunting, but today they are popular pets and working dogs.
Finnish Lapphunds are intelligent and loyal, making them great companions. They are also active and need plenty of exercise, so they are a good choice for families with an active lifestyle.
The Finnish Lapphund is relatively rare outside of Finland, but they are gaining in popularity as more people learn about this wonderful dog breed.
The Finnish Spitz is a Finnish breed of dog. Finnish Spitzes are lively, alert, and friendly dogs that make great family pets. They are also intelligent and easily trained. Finnish Spitzes were initially bred as hunting dogs and still retain their natural hunting instincts.
The Finnish Spitz is a medium-sized dog, and this Spitz dog needs plenty of exercise.
Finnish Spitzes are relatively easy to groom and do not require a lot of grooming. Finnish Spitzes are relatively healthy dogs, but like all dog breeds, they are susceptible to a few health problems. Finnish Spitzes typically live 12-15 years.
The Flat-Coated Retriever had ancestors including the Newfoundland, Sheepdog, Setter, and Spaniel dogs. This dog was popular with fishermen and was frequently traded between North America and Britain where he became known as a Labrador. Eventually, he took on his own Flat Coated-Retriever breed.
He works well on the ground and in the water, and is an excellent show dog as well, performing in agility and obedience events. He’s a cheerful dog and his tail is always wagging. He’s an excellent family pet but needs regular, vigorous exercise because of his history as a working dog. His coat is a liver or black color and it’s flat and straight. He only needs occasional bathing and brushing. His height is 22 – 24.5 inches.
The French Bulldog was bred by lacemakers in Nottingham, England in the 19th century as a lap pet. After the Industrial Revolution, he ended up in France and became popular there with wealthy American visitors. In the late 1800s, he became the French Bulldog. He’s often described as a clown in the coat of a philosopher.
He’s muscular and small and has a heavy bone structure. His ears are like “bat” ears and he has a short face. He’s an affectionate dog and not very boisterous, which makes him an ideal companion. He’s an indoor dog and needs air conditioning when the weather is hot. He’s good at warning when the postman is coming but is still primarily a lap dog. His coat can be brindle and white, white, fawn, or brindle in color. He doesn’t need much grooming or exercise. He’s 12 inches high.
Dog Breeds That Start With G
The German Pinscher originated in Germany and was a skilled vermin catcher. He’s related more to the Schnauzer than the Miniature Pinscher or Doberman. He almost became extinct at the end of the World Wars but was revived by Werner Jung. He’s smaller than a Doberman but bigger than a Miniature Pinscher. He’s strong-willed and is a good guard dog.
He performs well in agility, tracking, obedience, and conformation competitions. He’s a quick learner and enjoys energetic activities. He must have daily exercise and is suitable for country or city living. He does like running around in the backyard. His short coat can be red, fawn, blue, brown, or black and may have tan or red markings. His coat doesn’t need much care. He’s 17 – 20 inches in height.
•German Shepherd Dog
The German Shepherd Dog is a popular dog breed in the world. German Shepherds are loyal, obedient, and intelligent dogs that make great companions. German Shepherds also make excellent guard dogs and are protective of their families.
German Shepherds are versatile dogs that can be trained to do a variety of tasks. German Shepherds are used as working dogs in various fields, such as law enforcement, search and rescue, and the military.
German Shepherds are also popular pets; many families choose a German Shepherd as their family dog. German Shepherd Dogs are a versatile breed that can be trained to do many tasks.
•German Shorthaired Pointer
German Shorthaired Pointers are versatile, all-purpose hunting dogs. They are lively and intelligent, making them great companions for active people. German Shorthaired Pointers are also relatively easy to train and make wonderful family pets.
German Shorthaired Pointer is a German breed of dog developed for hunting. German Shorthaired Pointers are versatile dogs that can be used for many purposes, including hunting dogs, bird dogs, and family pets. German Shorthaired Pointers are intelligent and relatively easy to train.
•German Wirehaired Pointer
The German Wirehaired Pointer is a mixture of numerous different dogs because the Germans needed a dog that was extremely versatile. They wanted him to be tough, courageous, have great endurance and speed, and be a skilled hunter, tracker, and retriever who would work equally well on land and in the water. They wanted him to point out the prey when he found it and retrieve it if necessary. This dog was their ultimate creation.
He’s a strong, medium size dog with a coat that’s water-repellent and weather-resistant. His outer layer is harsh, straight, flat, and wiry which also protects him against the rough cover when he’s out hunting. The color is white and liver. He’s an affectionate, loyal dog who needs to be with people. He’s full of energy so must have regular exercise or work to do. He does shed but only needs minimal grooming. He’s 22 – 26 inches in height.
The Giant Schnauzer originated in the Bavarian and Württemberg parts of Germany, both agricultural areas where dogs were needed to help on the farms. He helped drive the livestock to the market and was a guard dog for breweries and butchers. In WWI he was used as a police dog because of his trainability and intelligence. Although called “giant,” he’s just a bigger type of standard Schnauzer.
The Giant Schnauzer is powerful and rugged, has a reliable temperament, and is territorial and energetic. He can easily tell the difference between friends and foes. His color is salt and pepper or black. He needs lots of exercise and a lot of grooming, stripping, and brushing so if this is the dog for you, be prepared for the work you have to do. He’s 23.5 – 27.5 inches in height.
•Glen of Imaal Terrier
The Glen of Imaal Terrier was initially designed to get rid of vermin and to hunt foxes and badgers. He’s the least known of the four breeds of terrier that come from Ireland. He also had a unique job…as a turnspit dog. A turnspit was a big wheel that he paddled and it would turn a spit on a fire. So he helped cook food.
When he hunts, he’s quiet, agile, focused, and active. When he’s with his family, he’s docile and is a great pet, especially for older children. He’s the only Irish terrier that isn’t defined by one color. He can be brindle, blue, or wheaten. His coat is harsh and needs to be stripped twice each year. He also needs hair removed from his ears, between his pads, and under his tail. He’s 12 – 14.5 inches in height.
They do well in homes with other pets and children. Golden Retrievers need plenty of exercise and love to play. They are also known for their dense and waterproof Golden Retriever coat.
Golden Retrievers shed moderately throughout the year. Golden Retrievers are medium to large-sized dogs. Male Golden Retrievers typically weigh 65-75 pounds, while females usually weigh 55-65 pounds. Golden Retrievers live for 10-12 years.
The Gordon Setter comes from Scotland back in the 17th century. He became well-known in the kennels of the fourth Duke of Gordon in the early part of the 19th century. He was a popular hunting dog and bird dog but is also great as a pet and also a good performer in shows.
He’s a muscular, sturdy dog who may appear stubborn because he’s bright but not blindly obedient. He can live in different types of homes equally well. His coat is a tan and black color which means he’s easily spotted in snow and light fields. He needs lots of exercise, either in a fenced area or on a leash. He also requires regular grooming to stop his coat from matting. He’s 23 – 27 inches tall.
The Great Dane is known for being one of the largest breeds of dogs, and they are gentle giants and make great family pets.
Great Danes are also very friendly towards other animals, which makes them ideal for households with multiple pets. A Great Dane is a perfect breed if you’re looking for a big, lovable dog!
The Great Pyrenees is believed to have come from Siberia or Central Asia. He’s named after the European mountain range where he was used to guarding flocks on the mountainous slopes. He was also cherished by the French nobles in the 17th century and named the French court dog.
He can be territorial if guarding something. However, he’s also tolerant and quiet when with his family. He was bred to be independent so he may not always be the most obedient of dogs. He needs daily exercise in a fenced-off area or on a leash. He does bark a lot, especially when it’s night. His thick, weather-resistant coat is white but may have tan, badger, or gray markings. He’s 25 – 32 inches in height.
•Greater Swiss Mountain Dog
The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog comes from the most remote areas of Switzerland and was first used for guarding, herding, and livestock management. It was thought that he became extinct in the late 19th century as other dogs took over his work, but he reappeared in the early 1900s.
He can take ages to train so you need patience. He enjoys carting, hiking, pulling weights, and backpacking with his owners. His dense, short coat is black and has white and rust markings. He needs daily exercise but not too much as his thick coat can make him overheat when it’s warm. He needs brushing twice a week. His height is 23.5 – 28.5 inches.
Today, Greyhounds are mostly kept as pets, and they are gentle and loving dogs that get along well with other animals and children. Greyhounds are also used in racing. Greyhounds are a type of sighthound that was initially bred for hunting. They are known for their slender build, long legs, and speed. Greyhounds can reach speeds of up to 45 miles per hour (72 kilometers per hour).
Tracks across the United States offer Greyhound racing as a form of gambling. If you are considering getting a Greyhound, it is essential to know that they need a lot of exercise.
Dogs That Begin With H
The Harrier is believed to have descended from the English Foxhounds because they wanted a smaller breed. The Harrier has been used as a hunter since Colonial times. He’s a slower pack dog which means his masters can follow him on foot. He can handle any terrain and has great endurance.
He’s an outgoing, affectionate dog who gets on well with people and other animals. He loves being with his family. He can be any color. He needs daily exercise but must be kept in a fenced area or on a leash as he will follow his nose and run off if free to do so. He’s intelligent and easy to train. His short coat sheds but regular brushing keeps it to a minimum. He’s 18 – 22 inches in height.
Havanese is a small, sturdy dog of Cuban descent. Havanese are gentle, affectionate dogs that make excellent companion animals. They are intelligent and easily trained and are known for their playful nature. Havanese are also considered hypoallergenic, making them a great choice for people allergic to dogs.
Havanese are loving and loyal dogs that thrive on human companionship. They are great with other pets and children and make excellent watchdogs. Havanese are relatively easy to train and are known for their eagerness to please their owners. Havanese are active dogs and need plenty of exercise and playtime.
If you’re looking for a small, affectionate dog that is easy to train and doesn’t shed much, the Havanese may be the breed for you!
Dogs Starting With I
The Ibizan Hound first appeared in Egypt around 3400 B.C. Some believe the dogs were taken by sea-going traders to different lands, including Ibiza, an island off the Spanish coast. This dog can jump a five-foot fence easily and can also do long broad jumps, both skills he uses when hunting rabbits in packs.
He’s an agile, elegant dog with amber eyes and large ears, giving him an exotic look. He needs a high, fenced-in enclosure so he can’t escape by jumping over it. He’s a kind-natured, gracious animal who loves keeping busy. He believes he has equal status with his family but is usually aloof when near strangers. His coat can be either long and wiry or smooth and may be white, red or any combination of these two colors. He doesn’t need much grooming. He stands 22.5 – 27.5 inches in height.
The Icelandic Sheepdog arrived in Iceland with Vikings around 874 – 930 A.D. He worked with cattle, sheep, and horses and coped well with the Icelandic conditions. He’s the only native dog of Iceland and is thought to be one of the oldest dogs in the world.
He’s an inquisitive, playful, and friendly dog. He’s also agile and hardy, enabling him to handle cold temperatures. This dog is so revered that his photo has been used on postage stamps. He can have a long or short coat and it can be red, black, tan, or golden in color and have different colored markings. He’s patient with children, eager to please, and very loving and social. His undercoat sheds twice yearly and must be brushed when that occurs. He’s easily trainable. He stands 18 inches high.
•Irish Red and White Setter
The Irish Red and White Setter is believed to be the oldest of the two Setters and has existed since the 17th century. However, he almost became extinct by the latter part of the 19th century. In the 1920s, the breed was revived and flourished by the 1940s again, in his native Ireland.
His name is a distinct breed, not merely a change in color. He’s primarily a field dog and is athletic, powerful, and highly intelligent. His coat is white with red solid patches. His friendly demeanor makes him a terrific family pet. He doesn’t need much brushing but does need regular exercise. He’s 22.5 – 25 inches high.
The Irish Setter was popular in the British Isles and Ireland in the 18th century. He’s a mix of a Pointer, Irish Terrier, Gordon Setter, Spaniel, English Setter, and Water Spaniel. He was designed to find birds and then crouch down so his owner could toss a net over the birds. Once guns became used, he pointed but stood upright so his owner could see him better.
He’s an active, alert dog, originally meant to be white and red but his solid red color dominated by the 19th century. His coat is glossy and long. He’s a powerful dog with lots of energy and a clown-like personality. He needs regular exercise and is popular as a family dog. His coat must be groomed often so mats and snarls don’t occur. He’s 25 – 27 inches in height.
The Irish Terrier is the oldest terrier breed. He used to be a variety of colors, but by the end of the 19th century, he only had a solid red colored coat. In WWI he was used as a sentinel and messenger. He’s a quick, smart dog that adapts easily to different situations.
This dog will protect his family and home with lots of guts and determination. He’s good with children if he grows up with them and is very loyal to his family. He needs firm boundaries so he will become a respectful adult dog. His coat is wiry and short and needs regular attention to prevent matting. He needs regular exercise. and he’s 18 inches high.
•Irish Water Spaniel
The Irish Water Spaniel dates back as far as the 7th century. In the late 1100s, there were dogs found in Southern Ireland named the Whip-Tail Spaniel, Rat-Tail Spaniels, and the Shannon Spaniel (and others.) The Irish Water Spaniel was just one of the many. Today, he’s a good hunting dog on land and in the water.
He’s regarded as a clown and will use creative ways to get tasks done. He’s intelligent and strong. He has a curly coat and a “rat tail” which is thick and has curls at the base but tapers to a point. His water-repellent double coat has tight, thick ringlets, and the top coat is loose long curls. He’s energetic and active and loves to please, is easily trained, and needs regular exercise. His hypoallergenic coat is great for people with allergies and it needs brushing and trimming regularly to keep it clean and neat. He’s 21 – 24 inches high.
The Irish Wolfhound dates back to Roman times in 391 A.D. He was often used as a gift for royals. He hunted and fought with his masters, guarded castles, played with children, and lay by the fire with his family. He was a fierce wolf and elk hunter, to the extent that he drove them out of Ireland. Because of this, there were also very few Irish Wolfhounds left by the 19th century.
He is the tallest of dogs, standing at 30 -34 inches in height. He has great endurance and strength and is very athletic. An Irish proverb describes him as gentle when stroked, and fierce when provoked. His coat is fawn, white, red, brindle, gray, black, and other colors. He’s a great pet but he needs lots of exercise and room to play. His harsh coat needs to be brushed regularly.
The Italian Greyhound is a small breed of dog originally from Italy. They are known for their slender build and their elegant appearance.
Italian Greyhounds are affectionate dogs that make great companions. They are also intelligent and trainable, making them a good choice for families with children.
Italian Greyhounds require moderate exercise and do well in apartments or tiny homes. They are generally healthy dogs but may be prone to health problems such as joint disorders and dental issues. Italian Greyhounds are a popular breed of dog and make excellent pets.
Dog Breeds That Start With J
The Japanese Chin originated in China, despite his name, and was developed to live with the ladies in the Imperial Palace as a lap dog. There are images of him on ancient embroidery and pottery, centuries old. It seems that you couldn’t buy this dog as they were only for the royals and for gifts to dignitaries.
He’s a sensitive dog who’s playful and intelligent. He’s affectionate and devoted to his owner and can live in an apartment due to his size. He can learn tricks and show off for people. His coat is white or red and white and has black markings. His flowing, silky coat needs to be brushed twice each week. He’s 8 – 11 inches high.
Dog Breeds Beginning With K
The Keeshond is a German Spitz breed of dog. Keeshonden are lively, active dogs with a friendly disposition. Keeshonds make great family pets and do well with children. They are also easy to train and are good watchdogs. Keeshonds require moderate exercise and grooming.
•Kerry Blue Terrier
The Kerry Blue Terrier comes from County Kerry, in Ireland, and is an all-purpose dog. He originally hunted and retrieved game and birds on land and in the water, as well as herding cattle and sheep. It’s thought that he was the peasant’s version of a hunting dog and was used to hunt on the nobles’ grounds. Today he also competes in shows, agility, herding, earth dog, and obedience events.
He’s an intelligent dog and is full of energy and fun. He loves being a member of the family although he may not accept cats or other small pets in the home. His color is black but it can fade over time to dark gray and right through to light blue gray. He needs daily exercise and patient, firm training. His coat is hypoallergenic but you still must trim and brush it regularly. He’s 18.5 inches in height.
•King Charles Spaniel
The King Charles Spaniel is a small toy dog classed as a spaniel by The Kennel Club and the American Kennel Club. They have long, silky fur, large dark eyes, and long ears. King Charles Spaniels are friendly, affectionate dogs that make great companions. They are good with other pets and children, do not require a lot of exercise, and are relatively easy to train.
The Komondor is a large, shaggy-coated dog that originated in Hungary. Komondors were initially bred to guard livestock, and they are still used for this purpose in many parts of the world. Komondors are loyal and protective dogs that make excellent family pets. If you are looking for a big, lovable dog, the Komondor may be the perfect breed for you!
The Kuvasz’s name comes from “kawasz,” a Turkish word that means “armed guard of the nobility.” He originally comes from Tibet but developed into today’s breed in Hungary where he’s a companion to those who rule European empires including Hungary. His owners used to only be royals but, centuries later, shepherds and commoners used them as cattle and sheep dogs. He’s a muscular, yet agile dog.
He’s fearless and bold, with unmatched guarding and protective instincts, able to take action without orders and without wasting time. While he’s protective of his family and also devoted, his affections don’t always seem obvious. His double coat has a coarse outer layer that guards a fine, soft underlayer. His hair may be wavy or straight and will only ever be white. He needs daily exercise. His coat is low maintenance, with minimal brushing, and little bathing. His height is 26 – 30 inches.
Dog Breeds That Start With L
The Labrador Retriever is one of the world’s most popular dog breeds.
If you’re thinking about getting a Labrador Retriever, here are things you should know: Labrador Retrievers are known for being friendly, intelligent, and loving. The Labrador Retriever comes in only three colors: black, yellow, and chocolate.
The Lakeland Terrier is English and existed as far back as the 1800s. He’s among the oldest of the terriers and was developed by farmers to catch vermin and stop foxes from killing their herds. He also helped with game hunts. He’s a small, tough dog that can get into the tiniest burrow or rocky den to catch vermin. He’s also a natural digger so be aware if you have this dog as a pet in your backyard.
His coat color can be black, red, blue, liver or wheaten and he can also have a patch of color on his shoulders and back. This is known as a saddle. His coat is wiry and dense and sheds a small amount. He needs some clipping by a groomer. He needs exercise daily because he has tons of energy. He can live equally well in the city or country. He stands 14.5 inches high.
Leonbergers are loyal, protective, and loving companions but require a lot of space and exercise. The Leonberger may be the perfect dog breed for you if you’re looking for a big dog with an even bigger heart!
Leonbergers are large dogs, typically weighing anywhere from 110 to 170 pounds. They have thick fur coats, usually yellow, reddish brown, sandy, or red. Leonbergers are known for their loyalty and gentle and loving nature.
The Lhasa Apso originally came from the Himalayan mountains centuries ago. He was mainly a house guard dog, protecting Buddhist monasteries and the homes of Tibetan nobles. He needs to mix with people early in life to help him be comfortable around his owners. In 1933, he was introduced to America by the 13th Dalai Lama.
He’s an independent dog with a mischievous, joyful personality. He excels in shows, especially in the agility category. His coat’s color can vary from blonde to black. He often has black tips on his face and ears. He loves families and older children and needs regular walks. Because of his long coat, he must be groomed regularly. His height is 10 – 11 inches.
The “Little Lion Dog.” is the Lowchen. It is a small dog breed. Lowchen was once popular among European nobility and is now enjoying a resurgence in popularity.
Lowchens are intelligent and loving and make excellent companion animals. Lowchens require little exercise and are relatively easy to groom, making them ideal pets for busy families.
Dog Breeds Beginning With M
The Maltese dog is a small, beautiful dog breed from Malta’s Mediterranean island. They are known for their lovely silky white coats and friendly, loving dispositions.
Maltese dogs make excellent companion animals and are great with children. If you’re looking for a little dog that is beautiful, loving, and will be a lifelong friend, then the Maltese dog is the perfect breed for you!
The Manchester Terrier originated in England and is a descendant of the Black and Tan Terrier. He was initially bred to hunt for rats and other tiny vermin. There are two types. The standard can weigh 12-22 pounds. The Toy must weigh less than 12 pounds. He’s a great worker in the field or backyard if he discovers any rodents present.
He’s a great house pet but often tries to test boundaries so he needs lots of strict training. He’s intelligent, quick-witted, and keen to learn. He’s very loyal to his owner and creates a powerful bond. He’s not a neurotic dog and doesn’t bark a lot but he is a great watchdog. His sleek, short coat is tan and black. He can live in rural and urban environments. He’s a neat dog and grooms himself. He can be 15 – 16 inches high.
The Mastiff was depicted on monuments in Egypt as far back as 3000 B.C. Caesar notices this powerful dog fighting teaming up with the British soldiers in 55 B.C. He brought some back with him to Rome and used them in lion fighting, bull baiting, and fighting human gladiators. Much later, English peasants used to keep Mastiffs to protect themselves from wolves and other predators and to guard their homes. He was used as a watchdog for more than two millennia.
He’s one of the biggest dogs, standing at least 30 inches in height, and is better suited to country living because he needs open spaces for exercise. He enjoys being with people and is a great companion. He has a short coat and it can be colored brindle, apricot, or fawn. He only needs minimal grooming.
•Miniature Bull Terrier
The Miniature Bull Terrier was born in the early part of the 19th century out of a breeding between a Bulldog and the White English Terrier (which is now extinct.) Apart from size, he’s the same as a Bull Terrier. In his early days, breeders wanted to add more height so they included a Spanish Pointer to the mix. Because there were different sizes, they became known by their groups; the Miniature and the Standard.
He has a jovial nature and his head has a distinct egg shape. He can be white or a mix of colors. He’s fearless and clown-like. He gets on well with adults and children but can be too energetic for young children unless he’s properly trained and supervised. It’s not wise to have other pets that aren’t dogs if you have him. He’s easy to care for and only needs occasional grooming. He’s 10 – 14 inches high.
The Miniature Pinscher is a German breed. “Pinscher” is German for “terrier.” He originated two centuries ago as a rat catcher. His ancestors included the Italian Greyhound, German Pinscher, and the Dachshund. He looks a bit like a Doberman Pinscher. The color of his coat can be tan and chocolate, black, stag red (red with black colored hair), and red. He’s often called the “King of the Toys.”
Although he’s small, he doesn’t act that way. His gait is unique, hackney-like, and high-stepping. He’s curious and lively. He’s great as a family pet and will bravely bark at strangers until told to calm down. He’s intelligent and a bit stubborn. He can live in apartments, in the city, or in the country. His smooth, short coat only needs occasional brushing and bathing. A daily walk is enough exercise for him. He’s 10 – 12.5 inches high.
The Miniature Schnauzer originated in Germany as a smaller version of the Standard Schnauzer. He has been seen in paintings dating back to the 15th century but it wasn’t until 1899 that he was exhibited as a separate breed. He was designed to be a good farm dog, able to chase rodents and catch them easily.
His double-layer coat gives him a handsome appearance. The outer coat is wiry and hard while the underlayer is soft. He can be black, silver, and black or salt and pepper in color. He can sound an alarm just as loud as the standard-size version and so he makes a superb watchdog.
He’s the most popular Schnauzer. He can live in an apartment, in the city, or in the country but he does love lots of space in which to run around. His double coat needs to be hand stripped if he’s to be a show dog or clipped if he’s a pet. His height is 12 – 14 inches.
Dog Breeds With N
The Neapolitan Mastiff existed back as far as places such as Asia, Mesopotamia, Persia, and Egypt and was also used as a war dog by the Romans. Later he was used by farmers to protect property in the Northern part of Italy. This dog has a huge head, a large body, and big bones. Despite seeming fierce, he’s actually a calm, peaceful dog.
His trademark is the amount of loose skin on his body and the numerous wrinkles on his head. His short coat can be tawny, black, mahogany, or gray/blue in color. He may also have white or brindle markings.
He’s loyal to his family and very protective when strangers are around. He’s not ideal as a first-time pet or for anybody with small children, due to his size. He needs some exercise but not too much as he can overheat in hot weather. His short coat is simple to look after but he does drool! His height is 24 – 31 inches.
Newfoundland dogs are large working dogs. They were initially bred to help fishermen with tasks such as hauling nets and pulling carts. Newfoundland dogs are strong and sturdy, with a thick coat that helps protect them from the cold weather. They are also known for being very gentle and good with children. Newfoundland dogs make great family pets.
The Norfolk Terrier dog is a small, stocky dog breed with a wiry coat. They are known for their independent and determined nature and are excellent hunters.
They are also loyal and affectionate companions and make great family pets. Norfolk Terriers are relatively easy to train but can be stubborn at times.
With proper training and socialization, they can be well-mannered dogs. Norfolk Terriers are relatively active dogs and need lots of exercise to stay healthy and happy. They do best in homes with a backyard, where they can run and play.
Norfolk Terriers are generally healthy dog breeds, but like all dog breeds, they are susceptible to specific health conditions.
The Norwegian Buhund originated in the wet, western coastland of Norway where he worked as a hunter of wolves and bears, guarded his owner’s farms, and herded sheep. He’s part of the Spitz class of dogs. Ancient versions of this dog traveled with the Vikings and have been dated as far back as 900 A.D. Today he works as a police dog and helps people with impaired hearing.
His thick coat is a wheaten (a pale grey color through to bright orange) or black color. He’s a great companion for families who are active and need to live in a home where he can get lots of exercise. He performs well in agility and obedience events. Of the Spitz dog breeds, he’s the easiest to train. He’s an ideal watchdog but is equally happy on the floor near your feet after a busy day. His short coat needs brushing sometimes. He’s 16 – 18.5 inches in height.
The Norwegian Elkhound is more than six millennia old and still retains all his Nordic traits. As an old Scandinavian breed of dog, he was a guard and hunting dog for Vikings. He used to track game and then circle and hold it for his master. The game included elk, moose, and bears. He didn’t appear in shows until 1877. He has a lot of stamina and can handle rugged terrain better than most dogs.
He has a friendly nature and is intelligent, independent, and dignified. His color is a silvery grey color with saddle markings. He’s full of energy and is quite bold. He’s a friendly family dog and an effective guard dog. He hates being away from people. He needs regular exercise but doesn’t need much grooming. He stands at 19.5 – 20.5 inches.
The Norwegian Lundehund originally comes from Norway and was used to capture and retrieve live Puffin birds (a Norwegian feather and meat crop) from crevices within vertical, steep cliffs. This dog has been talked about as far back as the 1500s. He was a protected species in the 1800s because he wasn’t much used to farmers and so the number of dogs shrunk. He was saved from extinction after forming a friendship with two Norwegians after the end of WWII, but even today there aren’t a lot of Norwegian Lundehunds around.
He’s a unique dog with six toes per foot and his prick ears can close forward or backward. He can also tip his head right back until it’s able to touch his backbone. These were all vital to his skills as a Puffin hunter. He’s a playful, loyal pet with a calm, friendly disposition and is small so he can live anywhere. His dense coat’s color varies in range from tan to a reddish brown to fallow and he can have red and white markings, dark markings, or black tips. His coat only needs minimal attention. His height is 12 – 15 inches.
They are a terrier group member and related to other dog breeds, such as the Cairn Terrier and Scottish Terrier. Norwich Terriers are small dogs with a height of 10 inches (25 cm) and weigh of up to 12 pounds (5 kg).
They have a rectangular body shape with short legs and a rough and wiry coat. The coat is typically black and tan, grizzle, wheaten, or red in color. Norwich Terriers are intelligent and active dogs.
•Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever has no authentic record of how it was developed. But it’s known that he first existed in the 19th century as a toll, lure, and retriever of waterfowl. He would play with a ball or stick near the shore and make the ducks curious so they would come in closer.
His owner would shoot and kill the ducks and he would then retrieve them. It’s commonly thought that he was descended from the red decoy dog that came to Nova Scotia with early European settlers. It’s thought that he was bred from dogs such as spaniels, collies, retrievers, and setters. He was first called the Little River Duck Dog or Yarmouth Toller, named after the district of Yarmouth. But he has had his current name for many generations.
He’s the smallest retriever but is still quite powerful. His double coat is water-repellent and always a shade of red, sometimes with white marks. He’s alert and very intelligent. He loves being kept occupied, is great as a pet, and is good with children. He only needs occasional brushing and a bath. He’s 17 – 21 inches in height.
Dog Breeds With An O
•Old English Sheepdog
The Old English Sheepdog originated in England in the early part of the 19th century. He’s believed to have descended from the Russian Owtchar and the Bearded Collie. He herded cattle and sheep to the markets and had the nickname “bobtail” because he has a docked tail which showed his working status and gave his owner a tax exemption.
His coat is his trademark and he’s agile and intelligent, able to handle any task given to him. He performs well in agility, conformation, herding, obedience, and herding events. He has a shuffling walk. His coat helps keep him insulated and can be colored any shade of blue merle, blue, grizzled, or gray and may have white markings.
He’s athletic and has lots of energy. He’s affectionate with his family but he may try herding people or objects. Although his coat is long, it’s not harder to groom than other dogs, as long as he starts getting groomed when he’s young so he gets used to it. He’s 21 inches in height.
The Otterhound was the solution to the problem of otters preying on fish in streams and rivers in England. Although it’s now illegal to hunt otters, he still exists. He’s believed to have originated in France and was brought to the USA in the early 1900s. He’s a scent hound and is unique because he has webbed feet and a rough double coat. These extra features help him hunt in the water and on land. He’ll work all day if he can.
He’s not a good pet for frail, aged people or small children because of his size and weight. He needs lots of attention, including regular washing of his webbed feet as they can get very muddy. He’s stubborn so patience is needed when training him.
He has a deep baying voice that neighbors may not appreciate so he’s better suited to a rural environment. He should be exercised in a fenced enclosure or on a leash because he may wander off on a scent if he can. His coat can be any color combination. He’s 27 inches high and 115 pounds.
Dog Breeds That Start With P
The Papillon dog is a small, friendly dog breed that originates from France. They are known for their cute, butterfly-like ears and their cheerful dispositions.
Papillons make excellent companion dogs and do well in families with children. They are easy to train and intelligent, and they enjoy being active.
If you’re looking for a small toy dog breed that is both cute and playful, the Papillon dog might be the perfect dog for you.
•Parson Russell Terrier
The Parson Russell Terrier is named after Reverend John Russell, a respected English hunter, and was first bred to hunt red foxes in the mid-1800s. He would follow a fox underground and then flush him out. After the Reverend’s death, some of the bloodlines were mixed with Welsh Corgis and other terriers to make a Jack Russell Terrier.
He’s a tenacious dog with great endurance and strength as well as lots of confidence and a positive attitude. He’s affectionate, friendly, and outgoing when with his family. He’s good with children of all ages but won’t accept rough handling.
His waterproof coat can be smooth or wiry and is tri-colored, white with tan or black marks, or just white. He needs lots of regular exercise. If he has a wiry coat, it needs hand stripping but he’s clean so he doesn’t need much else. His height is 13 – 14 inches.
The Pekingese dog is a small Toy dog breed originating in China. They are compact with long, thick fur and a ” lion’s mane” around their necks.
Pekingese dogs have been known in the West since the 1800s when British soldiers brought them back from China. Today, they are popular pets all over the world.
Pekingese are loyal and loving companions but can also be stubborn and independent. They are best suited for homes with older children and adults who can provide them with the attention and care they need.
•Pembroke Welsh Corgi
Did you know that the Pembroke Welsh Corgi dog is one of the most popular dogs in the world? This dog breed is known for its loyalty, intelligence, and sense of humor. If you’re looking for a small furry friend who will always make you laugh, then a Pembroke Welsh Corgi is suitable for you and your family!
•Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen
The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen is one of the numerous small French dogs that originated in the 16th century. He’s a smaller version of the Griffon Vendéen. He was designed to hunt small animals including hares and rabbits in the difficult local terrain of the area. “Petit” means small and “Basset” means low to the ground. “Griffon” means wiry or rough (as per his coat) and Vendéen is the French place of origin.
His coat’s color is usually white with markings that can be a combination of tricolor, grizzle, lemon, black, orange, or sable and they make him easy to see in the field. He’s an extroverted, happy, confident dog and needs a fenced-off area to burn off energy. He is certainly not one to lay around doing nothing. If he’s upset, he may use his “hound voice” or find amusements of his own. He’s willing to please. His harsh coat needs proper weekly brushing.
He’s 13 – 15 inches high.
The Pharaoh Hound is among the oldest domestic dogs to ever be recorded. He dates back to ancient Egypt in 3000 B.C. The Phoenicians brought him to Gozo and Malta from Egypt when they settled there and he’s now Malta’s national dog. He’s an ideal lure and hunting dog for rabbits and is extremely fast and very obedient.
One unique feature is that if he’s excited or happy, his ears and nose turn a deep rose-red color (like a blush.) His coat color can vary from red golden to chestnut to tan and he can have white marks on his tail’s tip, toes, chest, and the center line of his face. He’s intelligent, friendly, and athletic. He needs daily exercise in a fenced area because his keen hunting sense may entice him to chase small animals. His glossy short coat doesn’t need much maintenance. He’s 21 – 25 inches in height.
The Plott was brought to America from Germany in 1750 by two Plott brothers. One died during the voyage but the other one settled in North Carolina and he named the dog after his family. Today, the Plott is the State dog of North Carolina. The brother’s descendants were all mountain men who hunted boar and bear with their Plott dogs.
He’s a muscular dog with great courage, endurance, and determination. He’s also now used to hunt Coon. His coat’s color is either black or any shade of brindle (striped or streaked pattern of darer hair on a light background) and can have marks or a saddle. He’s eager to please and alert when at home. His voice resounds when he uses it at home. He needs daily exercise. His short coat doesn’t need much attention and he’s 20 – 25 inches high.
The Pointer appeared first in England in 1650 and he was the first breed used to stand game. Prior to guns being used, he would locate and point hares as well as Greyhound coursing. Although his exact lineage is vague, it’s believed that his ancestors included the Greyhound, Foxhound Bloodhound, and some type of “setting” spaniel, a formula for creating all modern bird dogs.
He’s a courageous dog with stamina and a muscular body. He’s intelligent, alert, graceful, and calm so he’s good as a companion at home or out hunting. His coat’s color can be orange and black, with lemon, and liver as a solid color or mixed with white. His coat is short and only needs minimal care. He stands at 23 – 28 inches.
•Polish Lowland Sheepdog
Pomeranians are a dog breed known for their small size and cute appearance. They are among the most popular toy dog breeds worldwide and make excellent companion animals. Pomeranians are intelligent, active dogs that require regular exercise and Mental stimulation. They are typically good with other pets and children but can be territorial.
Pomeranians are available in various colors, including black, white, red, and brown. They have a double coat that requires regular grooming. Pomeranians are typically healthy dogs, but like all dog breeds, they are susceptible to certain health conditions.
Pomeranians make great companion animals for people of all ages. They are active and playful but also enjoy cuddling and being lap dogs.
Poodles are a popular dog breed known for their intelligence and trainability. Poodles come in three sizes: Standard, Miniature, and Toy. Standard Poodles are the largest, typically weighing between 40 and 65 pounds, and miniature Poodles will weigh between 10 and 15 pounds, while Toy Poodles are the smallest, typically weighing between 6 and 10 pounds.
All Poodle varieties have a thick coat of curly hair that can be clipped into various styles. Poodles are active dogs that need daily exercise and are also known for their love of water. Poodles make great family pets and can be easily trained.
The Portuguese Podengo is described as an ancient hound with multi-sensory abilities (sight and sound). There are three varieties of Podengo and they’re never bred together. They are the Pequeno (small), Medio (medium), and Grande (large).
Coats are either long-wired or short-smooth. The smooth-coated dog is traditional and dates back to the 5th century. The long-coat dog is the result of a mix of other breeds that occurred in the 20th century. It’s a healthy breed that lives 15-17 years on average.
The Podengo is intelligent, hardy, fearless, loyal, and energetic. He’s excellent in agility and is a great pet. He can be trained by experienced dog owners and loves “primitive” behavior.
He’s a keen hunting dog, and each size dog hunts prey of similar size to itself and usually hunts in a pack. They’ll either kill and retrieve or flush out the prey for the owner.
•Portuguese Water Dog
The Portuguese Water Dog was called the Cao de Agua (dog of water) in Portugal where he had lived for centuries. He helped fishermen on their boats. He’s a great diver and swimmer and could retrieve broken nets, dive down to get fish, carry messages to shore and between boats, and also guard the boat when it’s in port. In the 20th century, his breed started disappearing when technology made some of his tasks obsolete. However, the breed was rescued by a wealthy shipping magnate, Dr. Vasco Bensaude.
He’s a loyal, hard worker with great endurance and strength. His waterproof coat can be wavy or curly and is either brown, black, white, or a mix of brown or black and white. He needs lots of exercise every day. He’s intelligent and easy to train. His profuse coat is also hypoallergenic but it does need regular care. He can be kept on a retriever clip (coat clipped to one inch in length) or a lion clip (the coat on his muzzle and hindquarters are clipped to the skin.) He’s 17 – 23 inches high.
Pugs are among the most popular small dogs worldwide, and it’s easy to see why. They’re adorable and loving and make excellent companion animals. But did you know that pugs have a long and fascinating history?
Pugs originally came from China, bred as companions for Chinese emperors. They were prized for their loyalty and affection and were often seen in paintings and other art forms.
Pugs eventually made their way to Europe, becoming popular among the upper classes. In the 18th century, they were even described as “the perfect dog for a gentleman.”
Today, pugs are still beloved companions. If you’re thinking of adding a Pug to your family, be sure to do research and find a reputable breeder. And most importantly, enjoy your new furry friend!
The Puli is an ancient Hungarian sheepdog and has been doing that for over 1000 years. The Magyars brought his ancestors into the country and he was similar to the Komondor and the Kuvasz. Because of inbreeding in the 17th century, he nearly became extinct but was revived in 1912 and was finally identified as a Puli in 1915.
He’s intelligent and has a great sense of humor. He retains his “puppy” attitude for most of his life and so he makes a great family dog, being protective towards them. He loves a farm environment but can live almost anywhere, as long as he can get daily exercise. His coat is curly or wavy and clumps into woolly cords to protect him from the harsh weather. His color can be white, gray, or black. He’s often in shows in tracking, agility, obedience, and herding events. His coat needs a LOT of attention, washing and drying it properly to prevent more clumps. He stands 16 – 17 inches high.
The Pyrenean Shepherd herded sheep for numerous centuries within Southern France’s Pyrenees Mountains. He first came out of the mountains to help French soldiers during WWI. Thousands of dogs gave their lives as search and rescue dogs and couriers, accompanying guards and finding soldiers who were injured.
There are two types: the Smooth-Faced and the Rough-Faced. The coat color includes charcoal, grey, silver, and fawn shades including copper and tan. He’s wary of strangers but loves his family. He’s enthusiastic, fun-loving, an excellent athlete, and very active. He needs to be kept busy and his coat only needs brushing once every few weeks. He stands 15 – 21 inches high.
Dogs That Start With Q
Dog Breeds Beginning With R
Looking for a dog that is loyal, loving, and energetic? Meet the Rat Terrier! This versatile breed is excellent for families and can adapt to almost any lifestyle. Rat Terriers are also intelligent and easy to train, making them the perfect addition to your home.
The Redbone Coonhound dates back to the late 1700s when red foxhounds were transported from Scotland to the US and from Ireland before the Civil War. Before 1900, the Redbone Coonhound developed into its own breed for its looks as a flashy, almost solid-colored red dog. Once the color was achieved, breeders focused on show performance.
He’s a versatile work dog who can hunt and swim over many different terrains while retaining his agility, endurance, and speed. His good cold nose makes him a great trailer. He has a natural treeing instinct for tracking game as diverse as cougars and raccoons. When with his family, he’s calm and easy to train. He needs regular exercise and his smooth, short coat only needs to be brushed and bathed occasionally. He’s 21 – 27 inches in height.
The Rhodesian Ridgeback originates from South Africa where he was bred by Boer farmers to be a hunting dog in the wild. In 1877, Reverend Helm brought two of these dogs to Rhodesia to help hunt lions on horseback. He’s also called the African Lion Hound. His unique feature is the ridge on his back. He came to the US in 1950.
He’s a muscular, big dog and his coat can be red to light wheaten and is glossy and sleek in looks. His coat hardly sheds and only needs to be brushed weekly and bathed once in a while. He’s athletic and needs regular exercise. He’s very much a “people” dog and will curl up on the couch, even with small children, if allowed. His height is 24 – 27 inches.
The Rottweiler is a dog breed that is loyal and protective. They are intelligent and make excellent guard dogs. Rottweilers are usually calm and confident but can be aggressive if not properly trained.
If you are thinking about getting a Rottweiler, be sure to do lots of research and find a good reputable breeder.
The Russell Terrier originally came from England but was developed further in Australia. His small size meant he could be carried in terrier bags on the back of horses, essential for the rough terrain. He has many shared characteristics with the Parson Russell Terrier but both breeds are different in height and body type.
He’s a hardy, strong, earth-working dog who is full of energy and confidence. His size and fearlessness mean he can work well below ground. His coat is weatherproof and can be rough, broken, or smooth. He’s intelligent and sees life as a big adventure. He needs lots of exercise and loves spending time outside. He’s devoted to his family. His coat is white and has black and/or tan markings. He doesn’t need much care. He stands 10 – 12 inches in height.
•Russian Black Terrier
If you’re looking for a loyal and fierce dog, the Russian Black Terrier may be the breed for you. These dogs were originally bred for military purposes, and their powerful build and fearless nature make them excellent protectors. They are also very intelligent and trainable, so they can learn to do just about anything you ask.
The Russian Toy is a small toy dog breed that is known for being affectionate and loyal. These dogs are also intelligent and trainable, making them great companions. Russian Toys are typically good with children and other pets, although they may be reserved around strangers. Thanks to their small size, these dogs are well-suited for city living.
Dog Breeds Beginning With S
The Saluki is the oldest domestic dog and was the royal dog of Egypt. He was held in such high regard that his body was mummified by his Pharaoh master. Arabs used him to chase and catch gazelles, the fastest type of antelope. When he came to England in 1840, he was mainly used to hunt hares. Although he seems fragile and graceful, don’t let that fool you. He has great endurance and strength and is a keen hunter, able to cover long distances and tough terrain
Today he’s popular in show rings and in lure coursing events. He can have a smooth coat or a coat with feathers. His colors include cream, white, tan and grizzle, red, tan and black, tricolor and fawn. He can be taught to be obedient but needs consistency and patience. He must be kept in a fenced area or on a leash when exercising as he’ll chase anything that’s moving. He only sheds a little, needs to be brushed every week, and has an occasional bath. He’s 23 – 28 inches high.
The Samoyed dog is a gorgeous breed known for its thick, white fur. These dogs are friendly and lively and make great companions. If you’re considering getting a Samoyed dog, here are some things you should know.
The Schipperke originally came from Belgium and his size was bred down from a black sheepdog known as a Leauvenaar. He worked as a watchdog, a ratter on river barges, and with tradesmen. His name came from “schip” which is Flemish for boat. Another typical nickname is “Little Captain.”
He’s mischievous, active, and loves being involved in things around him. However, because of his watchdog skills, he can bark if not trained not to bark. His harsh black coat stands off his body. He has a cobby body and no tail. He enjoys competing in obedience, agility, and conformation events until he gets too old to do so. He can live anywhere as long as he can be in a fenced area or on a leash when exercising. His coat only needs to be brushed weekly and bathed occasionally even though he sheds a couple of times each year. He’s 10 – 13 inches high.
The Scottish Deerhound was previously known as the Highland Deerhound, the Rough Greyhound, and the Scotch Greyhound until the 16th century when he became a separate breed of his own. He was used to chase and kill deer and nobody lower than an earl could own such a dog. Because of this rule, he nearly became extinct until revived by breeders in the early 1800s.
He looks like a Greyhound and is an alert, keen sight hound, often seen in the show ring and in lure-coursing events. He’s one of the oldest breeds and has a powerful hunting instinct. The hair on his neck and body is wiry and harsh. The hair on his belly, breast, and the head is softer. His colors include gray, brindle, black and blue-gray. When exercised he should be in a fenced area or on a leash to stop him from chasing anything furry that he sees. He loves his family but may intimidate small children. His coat only needs occasional brushing and bathing. He stands 30 – 32 inches high.
The Scottish Terrier is a natural digger and originated in Scotland where he hunted and killed vermin on his owner’s farm. King James VI adored this dog and that boosted his popularity. In 1890 he was brought to America where he thrived. He lived in the Whitehouse with Presidents George W Bush, Eisenhower, and Roosevelt. He was the only dog to do so.
He’s recognized most commonly for his profile and his weather-resistant, wiry, hard outer coat that’s either wheaten, brindle, or black in color. His legs, lower body, eyebrows, and beard are shaggy. He’s fast, strong, alert, and playful. He’s a gentle family pet. He needs regular exercise (on a leash) and obedience training. He needs to be brushed and clipped regularly to keep the traditional look. He’s 10 inches in height.
The Sealyham Terrier was bred from the Dandie Dinmont Terrier, the Wirehaired Fox Terrier, the Bull Terrier, and the West Highland White Terrier. His name came from Captain John Edwards’ estate, Sealy Ham, Haverfordwest, Wales who developed the breed to hunt otter, fox, and badger.
Even though he’s small, he’s a true terrier, full of determination and power.
His weather-resistant, wiry, double white coat is essential to distinguish him from the animals he chases to the ground. He may have badger, lemon, or tan marks on his ears and head. He’s great in Earthdog events and is a terrific pet. He’s inquisitive and charming but needs to be kept occupied. The farm is his ideal home but he can live anywhere as long as he gets a brisk walk daily. His coat needs to be combed and brushed twice each week to stop matting and he needs a trim once a month. He stands at 10.5 inches in height.
Shetland Sheepdogs, also known as a Sheltie, is a dog native to the Shetland Islands in Scotland. The breed was initially developed to herd sheep and other livestock, but today they are mostly kept as pets.
Shetland Sheepdogs are intelligent and energetic dogs that require exercise and mental stimulation, and they are also loyal and affectionate dogs that form strong family bonds. If you are considering getting a Sheltie, do your research first and make sure the breed is a good fit for your lifestyle.
Shiba Inus are a popular dog breed that originates from Japan. They are known for their loyalty and companionship and make great family pets. Shiba Inus are also very independent and can be a bit stubborn at times, but this adds to their charm!
This dog was originally bred in China and is now famous worldwide. The dog is a loyal and loving companion known for its friendly personality.
If you’re looking for a beautiful and intelligent dog, the Siberian Husky is the breed for you. These dogs are perfect for families.
Siberian Huskies were originally bred in Siberia and used as working dogs in cold climates. They are still used as working dogs but have also become popular family pets. Siberian Huskies are known for their thick fur coats, which keep them warm in even the coldest weather.
•Silky Terrier ( Australian Silky Terrier)
If you’re looking for a beautiful and intelligent dog, the Silky Terrier is the breed for you. These dogs are small but mighty, and they make great companions. The Silky Terrier is a dog breed that originated in Australia.
The Skye Terrier was bred off Scotland’s west coast, on the Isle of Skye. He’s among the oldest of terriers and was designed to kill vermin. His muscular body and strong sense of smell let him discover otters, foxes, and badgers who may be preying on his farm’s livestock. He’s a rare breed but Queen Victoria fell in love with him and that increased his popularity in the 19th century. One dog, named Greyfriar’s Bobby, shows his level of devotion when he guarded his master’s grave (Constable John Grey) for a long 14 years until his death at age 16. A statue was then made in his honor.
His long double coat and thick hair protect him from the weather and from injuries. He’s a medium dog with a big head, a long body, and short legs. He performs well in obedience, tracking, agility, and pet therapy and also loves being a couch companion. His coat needs to be brushed several times every week to stop it from matting and it needs trimming so the hair doesn’t drag on the ground. He’s 10 inches in height.
•Smooth Fox Terrier
The Smooth Fox Terrier originated in the 17th century in the British Isles. Farmers used him to get rid of vermin because of his keen sense of smell, great eyesight, endurance, and determination to chase and drive his prey from their underground lairs. It wasn’t until 1984 that he became a separate breed from the Wire Fox Terrier.
Today he’s rarely used as a hunting dog but that drive still exists. His color is white and he has black or tan marks. He’s playful, friendly, and active. He’s easy to train and behaves well with children because he’s not aggressive toward people. He’s an ideal watchdog. You need to keep an eye on him as he loves to dig in the backyard and your flower beds may suffer. His coat is simple to care for. His height is 15.5 inches.
•Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
The Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier has been in Ireland for over 200 years and his ancestors included the Irish Terrier and the Kerry Blue. He wasn’t owned by the landed gentry. He was regarded as the poor man’s dog, used on farms to herd sheep, get rid of vermin, act as a watchdog and go hunting.
His silky, soft coat is wheaten in color which is one of his stand-out features. He’s happy, alert, and self-confident. He’s a true terrier, although less scrappy than others, and loves keeping active. He needs lots of exercise and can live almost anywhere. His coat sheds a little and needs regular grooming so it doesn’t get matted. His height is 17 – 19 inches.
The Spinone Italiano (Italian Pointer) is an Italian all-purpose dog for hunting. He’s an “old school” dog and rather slow-footed, like the dogs used prior to the wing shooting period. His ancestors included the Italian Setters, other setters left by traders from the Adriatic Coast and Greece, the White Mastiff, and, possibly, the French Griffon. He’s an excellent hunter on any terrain and can handle the coldest of waters and the densest undergrowth because of his thick skin and dense, wiry coat.
He’s playful, docile, energetic, and active. As long as he’s with his family, he’s happy. He’s a social dog but needs training early on. His color can be brown roan with/without brown markings, white and brown markings, orange roan with/without orange markings, or white or orange and white. He’s the ultimate “wash and wear” dog and should remain like that with just a little hand stripping and brushing occasionally. However, after he has had a drink, his messy, wet beard may leave a water trail. His height is 22 – 27 inches.
The St. Bernard is a dog breed originating from the Swiss Alps. The breed was initially developed for rescue work and remains among the most popular dog breeds. St. Bernards are large dogs, with males typically weighing between 140 and 180 pounds and females usually weighing between 120 and 140 pounds.
•Staffordshire Bull Terrier
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier originated in the 19th century in Staffordshire, England when the coal miners needed a small, fast dog. They mixed a local terrier and a Bulldog to get this breed which is tenacious, intelligent, courageous and indomitable, and strong for its size.
His smooth coat can be white, fawn, blue, black, solid red, or brindle in color. He’s mainly a family pet today but also performs in show events in agility and obedience competitions. He’s affectionate, obedient, and playful and has a sense of humor. He loves children and is trustworthy and stable. His powerful jaws love toys to chew on. He does need an experienced owner to give him a firm hand. He enjoys daily exercise and he only needs to be brushed quickly once a week. He’s 14 – 16 inches in height.
The Standard Schnauzer is the oldest of the three Schnauzers and its prototype and originated in Germany. He used to protect the farmers when they went to market, kill vermin on the farm and guard livestock. His name comes from the word “schnauzer” which is German for beard and mustache, which he has on his muzzle. He’s intelligent but strong-willed so needs early training.
His wiry, harsh coat is black or salt and pepper in color. He’s an athletic, sturdy dog who is recognized for his mustache, whiskers, and arched eyebrows. He is often shown in performance and conformation rings and works as a search and rescue or therapy dog. He’s affectionate and sociable and really becomes a family member. He’s naturally protective and will warn you of any dangers. He needs daily exercise. His legs must be brushed a lot to stop matting. His body needs stripping at least 2-3 times a year to get rid of dead or loose hairs. He’s 17.5 – 19.5 inches high.
The Sussex Spaniel originated (as a separate breed) in Sussex, England in the 18th century where he worked as a field dog. Hunting on foot was popular and he was good for flushing out and retrieving game on land and getting through some tough underbrush because he was slower than other dog breeds. He was around for centuries before that but wasn’t a specific breed.
He has a serious, somber expression but that hides a cheerful, friendly disposition. He loves walking with his family and is great with other dogs and children. His coat is a unique liver color and his body is massive, long, and low. He needs to be brushed weekly and his ears need special attention as they have thick, long hair. He’s also a huge drooler! His height is 13 – 15 inches.
The Swedish Vallhund dates back over 1000 years to the Swedish Vikings when they were named the “Vikingarnas Hund” (Viking Dog.) In the 8th or 9th century, it’s believed that either the Corgi was taken to Sweden or a Swedish Vallhund was taken to Wales because both breeds are similar. This dog was almost extinct in 1942 but Count Bjorn von Rosen of Sweden resurrected him. He was used for centuries as a farm dog to herd sheep and cattle.
Today he gets involved in agility, obedience, flyball, herding, and tracking events. He either has a full curly tail, a stub tail, or no tail. His double coat is any color from red to grey with a sable pattern. He’s often described as a “large dog in a small body” and is energetic, intelligent, and active. He’s eager to please and a great family dog. He needs lots of exercise. His medium coat is simple to groom and only needs to be brushed and bathed occasionally. He’s 11.5 – 13.5 inches in height.
Dogs That Start With T
The Tibetan Mastiff has an almost unknown history but is believed to have come from China around 1100 B.C. He stayed isolated in the Himalayas where he eventually became the Tibetan Mastiff of today. He mainly worked as a guard dog for people and property, kept confined in the daytime, and released at night to guard his home. He was also often left to guard tents and people while flocks were moved on to higher pastures.
He’s a very impressive, aloof, big dog with a watchful gaze. His expression is solemn but kind. He’s independent and intelligent and often has his own agenda so should be kept in a fenced area and he’s being exercised. His double coat can be blue/grey, brown, or black and it may have tan markings and/or shades of gold.
Even though he may appear in the US in shows, he doesn’t actually like organized activities due to his independent streak. In the home, he’s quiet but also fiercely protective so you may have trouble bringing other people into your house. He only sheds once each year but still needs to be brushed regularly. He stands at 24 – 26 inches.
The Tibetan Spaniel has appeared in Eastern art that has dated back to 1100 B.C. He was held in high regard in Tibetan monasteries as a companion and pet. They called him the “little lion.” He used to sit on the walls of the monastery and watch over the countryside, barking if there was any trouble approaching. His development was also influenced by dogs from other Buddhist countries, including China, and was often given as a gift to people in these countries.
He’s a small dog but is very alert and active. He often appears in agility, obedience, and conformance rings in the U.S. His coat can be any color and he may have white marks on his feet. He thrives on the companionship of people and is friendly and outgoing, but may be aloof if he’s with strangers. This canine can live anywhere as he only needs a moderate amount of exercise. His coat needs a weekly brush. He’s 10 inches in height.
The Tibetan Terrier is a terrier in size but not really a terrier. He was raised in monasteries by lamas over 2000 years ago. He was regarded as the “Holy Dog of Tibet” and was regarded as a mascot and good luck charm and was sometimes used as a watchdog, and herder to retrieve items that may have fallen down the mountain.
This dog can handle the icy climate and rugged terrain with ease. He’s agile, strong, and intelligent. He’s sensitive to human emotions and responds well to being trained and needs regular exercise. His double coat can be any color or combination of colors and he has a fringe to protect his foreface and eyes from the weather. His thick coat needs regular weekly care. His height is 14 – 17 inches.
•Toy Fox Terrier
The Toy Fox Terrier was bred from various dogs including the Italian Greyhound, Manchester Terrier, Chihuahua, Miniature Pinscher, and Smooth Fox Terrier, and is now a truly American dog. This dog is courageous, intelligent, and has a “take-charge attitude.” He loves flushing out rodents and hunting squirrels.
His color can be tri-color, black and white, tan and white, tan and chocolate, or white. He’s friendly, outgoing, and fiercely loyal to his family. He’s able to handle lots of different activities but equally loves lazing around and lapping up the sun, or lounging on your sofa. Children love his zest for life but as he’s a Toy, he’s not the ideal dog for small children. He can live in an apartment as he’s small but he loves the outdoors. He needs to be brushed each week to stop shedding and he needs an occasional bath. His height is 8 – 11 inches.
•Treeing Walker Coonhound
Dog Breeds That Start With U
Dog Breeds That Start With V
The Vizsla ( also known as the Hungarian Vizsla) was a companion and hunter for the Magyar hordes, which were a tribe who eventually settled in a country that’s now called Hungary. He appears in etchings that date back to the 10th century and was a favourite of barons of that era. He has characteristics of both a retriever and pointer.
His short coat is a golden rusty color. He’s a popular dog in show rings and in the field because of his hunting skills and the fact that he’s one of the easiest dogs to train. He’s affectionate and lively and thrives when he’s with his family. He has a need for daily exercise and although his coat does shed, it only needs low daily care. He stands 21 – 24 inches in height.
Dog Breeds That Start With W
The Weimaraner used to be called the Weimer Pointer, named after the court that sponsored him. This dog has been bred from other German hunting dogs and is thought to have ancestors that were Bloodhounds. He was originally used to hunt bears, dear, and wolves but that sort of game isn’t as freely available so he was modified to become a hunting companion and bird dog.
His sleek, short coat is a grey color and this was how he earned the nickname “the grey ghost.” He’s fast, courageous, fearless, intelligent, has great endurance, and a great sense of smell. He’s a very graceful dog with aristocratic features. He’s easy to train and is an obedient, friendly member of your family. He loves children and likes being one of the “pack” in his family. He likes lots of exercise. His coat doesn’t need much care and he’s 23 – 27 inches high.
•Welsh Springer Spaniel
The Welsh Springer Spaniel was originally used as a retriever and to spring prey into the air or a net before guns were used. He was fashionable for members of the nobility in the 1870s before he was replaced with the English Springer Spaniel and almost became extinct.
His red and white coat is his trademark, as are his webbed feet and excellent nose which help with his game hunting. He loves being with people. He can be stubborn but will respond well if trained from an early age.
Welsh Springer Spaniel Grooming Requirements: He needs regular exercise and his coat should be brushed weekly. He stands 17 – 19 inches high.
The Welsh Terrier was previously called the Black-and-Tan Wire Haired Terrier or the Old English Terrier. He comes from Wales where he was used mainly as a sporting dog and was famous for catching otters, foxes, and badgers. He first was taken to America in 1888. Caroline Kennedy owned a Welsh Terrier. He loves digging and swimming. He has a “Welsh Terrier expression” which comes from the color, set, and position of his eyes and how he uses his ears.
His wire-texture, coarse coat is always tan and black. He’s always on the lookout for entertainment and action and is playful, friendly, and loves children. He can handle them playing rough BUT he may be hard to housetrain. A young active family would best suit him. Keep him in an enclosure or on a leash or he will go off chasing something. His bushy face needs brushing twice weekly and his coat needs plucking twice a year. He’s 15 – 15.5 inches in height.
•West Highland White Terrier
The West Highland White Terrier originally came from Poltalloch in Scotland and was called the Poltalloch Terrier. He was also called the Roseneath Terrier, named after the Duke of Argyll’s estate. He first popped up in the US in 1906 under the Roseneath name but was changed to his current name in 1909. His nickname is “Westie.”
He loves show events including agility, conformation, and obedience. His double coat is bright white in color. The outer coat is rough and the undercoat is dense and soft. He has great determination and devotion, loves people, and is very affectionate. He makes a great travel companion because of his size. He loves being with people. He needs to be brushed every day and also needs regular clipping and stripping. He’s 10 – 11 inches in height.
The Whippet evolved for 100 years and, in 1891, was finally recognized by the English Kennel Club while he was used as a racing dog. He was known as the “poor man’s racehorse.” He’s the fastest domestic animal for his weight, moving as fast as 35 m.p.h. He has great balance and power and is fit and elegant. He was taken to Massachusetts, America which was the American home of Whippet racing for many years. Then that honor was bestowed upon Baltimore, Maryland.
He’s a natural athlete, needing regular exercise and lots of care and attention. He needs good nutrition, vet visits, and vaccinations so he can be healthy for racing. He’s also a great pet and is dignified and quiet when he’s at home, where he makes an excellent companion. A Whippet can be any color. He’s 18 – 22 inches high.
•Wire Fox Terrier
The Wire Fox Terrier is a descendant of the black and tan rough-coated terrier from the 17th century in the British Isle. He was bred to “go to ground” and chase the foxes and other forms of game from their hiding places. He only became a separate breed in 1984. Prior to that, he was listed in the same type as the Smooth Fox Terrier.
He’s eager to work and is very playful and energetic. He’s easy to train and competes in agility events. His wiry, dense coat is usually white and may have tan or black marks. He’s great with children because he’s never aggressive towards people. He’s an ideal watchdog for your home. He’s a digger so check your backyard. He does need exercise but his coat only needs minimal care. He’s 15.5 inches in height.
•Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon has existed for a long time but his exact history isn’t clear. The modern breed, on the other hand, has a clear history. Dutchman Eduard Korthals was a keen hunter and wanted a dog who could handle different types of terrain.
It took him 20 years to finally develop this current breed to suit his needs. This medium-sized dog is nicknamed the “4 wheel drive of hunters” because he’ll literally go anywhere, underbrush, briars, in the water, wherever he needs to go to get his game.
He is an ideal retriever in the water and a perfect pointer on land. His coarse, double coat gives him plenty of protection and makes him look unkempt.
His color is usually a steel gray with brown marks but he may have other colors instead of or as well. He’s easy to train and thrives on human companionship and prefers to live in a house. His wiry coat won’t fully develop until he’s 2-03 years of age.
The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon needs to be regularly brushed and stripped. He needs lots of exercise to keep him both mentally and physically fit. He’s 20 – 24 inches in height.
The Xoloitzcuintli (pronounced show-low-eats-queen-tlee) or “Xolo,” is among the world’s rarest and oldest dogs and was originally from Mexico. He can be called the first dog of the Americas. Evidence shows that he was a companion to men crossing the Bering Straits. The name came from the Aztec Indian god (Xolotl) and the Aztec word for dog (Itzcuintli.) He’s a healer and it’s thought that his warm skin can fight and heal ailments including asthma, rheumatism, insomnia, and toothaches. His presence was thought to ward off intruders and evil spirits.
There are three sizes, standard, miniature, and toy, and two types – coated and hairless. The hairless dog has a smooth, tough skin that protects him. The coated dog’s hair is short.
Xoloitzcuintli colors for all types/sizes are the same and are dark – bronze, liver, red, slate, gray-black, and black. He may have white marks and/or spots.
Today his main role is to be a companion. He only needs a moderate amount of exercise and minimal grooming requirements.
Xoloitzcuintli Sizes: Toy -10-14 inches. Miniature-14.1-18 inches. Standard- 18.1-23 inches in height.
Dog Breeds Beginning With Y
The Yorkshire Terrier is a small dog breed of terrier type, developed during the 19th century in Yorkshire, England. The Yorkshire Terrier is the 6th most popular dog breed in the United States.
Z Dog Names
Dog Breeds A to Z Final Thoughts
The dog breeds listed here are all great, but they each have their own unique characteristics. If you have been thinking about obtaining a new pet and want to find the perfect breed for your lifestyle, this list is an excellent place to start.
Do you have any favorite dog breeds that we missed? Let us know on our social media page. We love hearing from our followers.
What advice and canine education do owners need to keep in mind when choosing a particular breed of dog? Well, there are many things, including whether it will be an active companion or not, if it’ll be happy living inside only (or outside as well), what kind of grooming needs its coat has, how big it will grow, and more.
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