The Xoloitzcuintli (is pronounced show-low-eats-queen-tlee) or “Xolo,” is among the world’s rarest and oldest dogs and was originally from Mexico. He can be called the first dog of the Americas. Evidence shows that he was a companion to men crossing the Bering Straits. The name came from the Aztec Indian god (Xolotl) and the Aztec word for dog (Itzcuintli.) He’s a healer and it’s thought that his warm skin can fight and heal ailments including asthma, rheumatism, insomnia and toothaches. His presence was thought to ward off intruders and evil spirits.
There are three sizes, standard, miniature and toy, and two types – coated and hairless. The hairless dog has smooth, tough skin that protects him. The coated dog’s hair is short. The colours for all types/sizes are the same and are dark – bronze, liver, red, slate, gray black and black. He may have white marks and/or spots. Today his main role is to be a companion. He only needs a moderate amount of exercise and minimal grooming requirements. Sizes: Toy -10-14 inches. Miniature-14.1-18 inches. Standard- 18.1-23 inches in height.